A convex relaxation approach to optimal placement of phasor measurement units

Vasileios Kekatos, Georgios B Giannakis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Instrumenting power networks with phasor measurement units (PMUs) facilitates several tasks including optimum power flow, system control, contingency analysis, visualization, and integration of renewable resources, thus enabling situational awareness - one of the key steps toward realizing the smart grid vision. The installation cost of PMUs currently prohibits their deployment on every bus, which in turn motivates their strategic placement across the power grid. As state estimation is at the core of grid monitoring, PMU deployment is optimized here based on estimation-theoretic criteria. Considering both voltage and current PMU readings and incorporating conventionally derived state estimates under the Bayesian framework, PMU placement is formulated as an optimal experimental design task. To obviate the combinatorial search involved, a convex relaxation is also developed to obtain solutions with numerical optimality guarantees. In the tests performed on standard IEEE 14- and 118-bus benchmarks, the proposed relaxation is very close to and oftentimes attains the optimum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2011 4th IEEE International Workshop on Computational Advances in Multi-Sensor Adaptive Processing, CAMSAP 2011
Pages145-148
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
Event2011 4th IEEE International Workshop on Computational Advances in Multi-Sensor Adaptive Processing, CAMSAP 2011 - San Juan, Puerto Rico
Duration: Dec 13 2011Dec 16 2011

Publication series

Name2011 4th IEEE International Workshop on Computational Advances in Multi-Sensor Adaptive Processing, CAMSAP 2011

Other

Other2011 4th IEEE International Workshop on Computational Advances in Multi-Sensor Adaptive Processing, CAMSAP 2011
CountryPuerto Rico
CitySan Juan
Period12/13/1112/16/11

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