We pursue a low-wavenumber, second-order homogenized solution of the time-harmonic wave equation at both low and high frequency in periodic media with a source term whose frequency resides inside a band gap. Considering the wave motion in an unbounded medium (Formula presented.) ((Formula presented.)), we first use the (Floquet-)Bloch transform to formulate an equivalent variational problem in a bounded domain. By investigating the source term's projection onto certain periodic functions, the second-order model can then be derived via asymptotic expansion of the Bloch eigenfunction and the germane dispersion relationship. We establish the convergence of the second-order homogenized solution, and we include numerical examples to illustrate the convergence result.
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- (Floquet-)Bloch transform
- Waves in periodic media
- band gap
- dynamic homogenization
- finite frequency
- variational formulation