A Controllable Biomimetic SMA-actuated Robotic Arm

Alireza Golgouneh, Brad Holschuh, Lucy Dunne

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we present a biomimetic 2-DOF SMA-actuated robotic arm that can be controlled by a wearable sleeve in real-time. The designed lightweight robotic arm is intended to be an alternative to the existing heavy and bulky systems, used in different areas such as rehabilitation, haptics and, surgical robotics, etc. which are actuated by the regular hydraulic/pneumatic pistons and brushed/brushless motors. The robotic arm weighs 59g with a wide controllable range of motion (119° and 123° for the 1st and the 2nd joints, respectively). To enable closed-loop control of the joint angular positions, a PID controller was implemented, and its performance was evaluated. Then, the robot payload was evaluated by finding the maximum torque for each joint. The comparison between the existing commercial DC motors and the designed SMA-actuated rotary joints shows that the performance of the designed SMA-actuated rotary joints are acceptable as they outperform well-known commercial motor-based rotary joints in terms of power consumption, nominal voltage, nominal torque, and mass. Next, an End Effector displacement analysis was conducted to assess the robot positioning. Finally, the entire designed teleoperation system comprising the robotic arm and the wearable measurement sleeve was assessed by performing 20 flexion-extension trials. An average RMSE of 13.1mm was achieved for EE displacement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2020 8th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference for Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2020
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages152-157
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728159072
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Event8th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference for Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2020 - New York City, United States
Duration: Nov 29 2020Dec 1 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE RAS and EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics
Volume2020-November
ISSN (Print)2155-1774

Conference

Conference8th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference for Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew York City
Period11/29/2012/1/20

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the US National Science Foundation under grant #1722738.

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the US National Science Foundation under grant 1722738.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 IEEE.

Keywords

  • Biomimetic
  • Shape Memory Alloy
  • Soft robotics
  • Teleoperation
  • Wearable Technology

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