A consolidated summary on the evolution of a dynamic tumbling mill model

P. Yu, W. Xie, L. X. Liu, M. Hilden, M. S. Powell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A mechanistic model for tumbling mills was developed based on breakage characteristics and tumbling mill operational features. The concept was presented at the IMPC (International Mineral Processing Congress) 2014, followed by progress in a sub-process of the model presented at the IMPC 2016. Additionally, a number of papers on the sub-models and breakage function have been published. This paper provides a consolidated summary of the outcomes and status of the model. The overall model structure is presented along with the sub-models such as appearance functions, breakage rate functions, energy distribution, transport, and dual component grinding interaction model. The strengths and capabilities of the model structure as achieved to date are presented. The approach developed can be used as a platform for building multicomponent models. The modelling work can be done quicker by using an existing structure such as the one presented in this paper. It is recommended that researchers assess compatibility prior to embarking on model development work if the intention is to use this model structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-183
Number of pages11
JournalPowder Technology
StatePublished - Oct 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors wish to acknowledge the financial support of the Commonwealth Scholarship from the Australian Government and Scholarships from the University of Queensland . The authors wish to acknowledge the partial financial support on supervision from AMIRA P9P project.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.


  • Dual-component models
  • Dynamic modelling
  • Generic model structure
  • Mechanistic modelling
  • Tumbling mills


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