A comparison of two methods to recruit physicians to deliver smoking cessation interventions

T. E. Kottke, L. I. Solberg, S. Conn, P. Maxwell, M. Thomasberg, M. L. Brekke, M. J. Brekke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


To address the problem of recruiting physicians to deliver smoking cessation interventions, Doctors Helping Smokers included a trial of physician recruitment strategies. In round 1 of Doctors Helping Smokers, three types of informational materials were mailed directly to 110 family physicians. The physicians were asked to return a postcard if they were interested in participating in a 1-month trial of a smoking cessation intervention. Response did not differ among the three conditions; overall, 9.8% of physicians (95% confidence limits [CL], 8.0, 11.6) responded and 6.05 (95% CL, 4.6, 7.4) eventually participated in the intervention trial. The same procedure was repeated for round 2 of Doctors Helping Smokers with direct mailing to all general internists and cardiologists (n = 1108) on the mailing list of the Minnesota Medical Association. Five percent (95% CL, 3.7, 6.3) of the internists responded and 2.7% (95% CL, 1.7, 3.7) participated in the trial. Recruitment for round 3 mnade use of repeated face-to-face recruitment efforts at the physician's office through a managed-care organization that held contracts with the physician's clinic to provide care for its enrollees. Six months after the initiation of round 3, 59% (95% CL, 49%, 67%) of the 126 primary care physicians reported that they were giving their patients smoking cessation advice and completing the smoking intervention records. Eighteen months after the initiation of round 3, 56% (95% CL, 47%, 65%) of the 116 primary care physicians who remained in the practice reported continued activity in the project.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1477-1481
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Internal Medicine
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1990


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