A comparison of the magnetic properties of synthetic titanomaghemites and some oceanic basalts.

B. M. Moskowitz, S. K. Banerjee

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The variation of some magnetic properties of 1) synthetic titanomaghemites and 2) oceanic basalts from DSDP site 417D as a function of grain size and oxidation is presented. The synthesis of the initial titanomagnetite (x=0.6) was carried out, using controlled fugacity and self-buffering techniques. Single-phase titanomaghemites were produced by heating the titanomagnetite in air at low temperatures (<350oC). The magnetic data suggest that the synthetic titanomaghemites are psuedo-single domained (PSD) and with increasing degrees of oxidation these PSD grains become more SD-like. The basalt samples from site 417D are divided into fine-grained pillow basalts and coarse-grained massive flows. Most of the magnetic properties measured are distinctly different between these two groups. The magnetic data indicate that the domain states of these basalts are probably PSD. Although it is difficult to separate the effects of grain size and oxidation on the magnetic properties of these basalts, it appears that grain size effects predominate. A preliminary investigation of the magnetic viscosity of the synthetic and oceanic titanomaghemites suggests that a combination of thermally activated and diffusive magnetic viscosity is responsible for their viscous behavior. Finally, we will discuss the roles of grain size and oxidation variation in oceanic basalts and their separate and combined effects on their magnetic behavior.-Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11869-11882
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Issue numberB12
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes


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