A comparison of participants with non-participants in a population-based epidemiologic study: The Melbourne Visual Impairment Project

P. M. Livingston, S. E. Lee, C. A. McCarty, H. R. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


Purpose: Adequate participation in population-based studies is essential to ensure that the sample is representative of the population under investigation. Participants may differ from non-participants on important variables such as age, sex, socioeconomic status, and general health factors. The Melbourne Visual Impairment Project (Melbourne VIP) is a population-based study designed to increase understanding of the prevalence and severity of common ocular disorders affecting people 40 years of age and over. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the potential for any non-response bias by comparing data from participants and non-participants of the Melbourne VIP. Methods: Specific demographic and general variables were compared between the two groups. The variables included age, sex, education level, and social status. The reason for non-attendance was also recorded. Results: A total of 3271 (83%) eligible residents from the 9 sample areas were screened; 46% males and 54% females. Language spoken at home was significantly associated with participation. Residents whose main language at home was not English were less likely to attend the screening centre. (OR: 0.60; CI: 0.44-0.81). The main reasons given for non-attendance by eligible residents were lack of interest (6%), too busy to attend (4%), personal illness (2%), and attend own eye specialist (2%). Conclusion: We believe these results will not impact significantly on the interpretation of gender and age-specific data from the Melbourne VIP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-81
Number of pages9
JournalOphthalmic Epidemiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1997

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Ms PM Livingston Epidemiology Research Unit, Dept. Ophthalmology, Univ. Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hosp., 32 Gisborne Street, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002 Australia Tel: +61-3-9665 9564 Fax: +61- 3 - 9662 3859 Acknowledgements: The Melbourne VIP is supported in part by the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation, the Ansell Ophthalmology Foundation, and the National Health & Medical Research Council, including the Sir John Eccles award to Professor HR Taylor. We acknowledge the contribution of Dr Charles Guest.

Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Bias
  • Epidemiology participation
  • Population-based study
  • Visual impairment


Dive into the research topics of 'A comparison of participants with non-participants in a population-based epidemiologic study: The Melbourne Visual Impairment Project'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this