A comparison of open and laparoscopic techniques in elective resection for diverticular disease

Stephen B. Shapiro, Pamela J. Lambert, Michelle A. Mathiason

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: This study examines the outcomes of patients who underwent elective sigmoid resection for diverticular disease during the transition period from open to laparoscopic surgery. Methods: The medical records of patients who underwent elective sigmoid resection from July 1, 1993 to June 30, 2005 at a community-based teaching hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Data collected included age, sex, duration of surgery, estimated blood loss (EBL), postoperative day of diet, length of stay (LOS), postoperative complication rate, and readmission rate. Data were compared using Wilcoxon rank sum and chisquare tests. Recurrence rates were evaluated. Results: The medical records of 246 patients who had elective sigmoid resections were reviewed. One hundred sixty-six of the procedures were planned open operations, and 80 were initiated with laparoscopy Of these 80 procedures, 10 were converted to open surgery. Overall, laparoscopic surgery was associated with shorter LOS (median: 4 days versus 8 days, P<0.001; mean: 4.8 days versus 9.3 days), less EBL (median: 100 cc versus 200 cc, P<0.001; mean: 167 cc versus 255 cc), and longer operative time (median: 185 minutes versus 153 minutes, P<0.001; mean: 201.4 minutes versus 157.1 minutes). No mortalities occurred in either group. Readmission and recurrence rates were similar in the open and laparoscopic groups. Subset analyses to adjust for changes in practices over time did not account for improved LOS, EBL, or recurrence rate. Conclusion: Compared with open surgery, laparoscopic surgery for elective sigmoid resection is associated with a significantly shorter hospitalization and similar safety and recurrence rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-291
Number of pages5
JournalWisconsin medical journal
Volume107
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 26 2008
Externally publishedYes

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