In a study of aversive control of smoking behavior, 27 females and 18 males (mean age, 30.9 yrs; mean yrs as a smoker, 13.1; mean baseline cigarettes/day, 31.6) were randomly assigned to rapid smoking, excessive smoking, or control conditions. Ss attended 6 treatment sessions over a 1-wk period. Prescribed smoking was carried on in both the laboratory and outside environment. A breath test measuring concentration of carbon monoxide in the bloodstream was used as a check on the reliability of self-reports. Overall, there was a statistically reliable treatment effect, according to measures of percentage reductions in smoking and Ss maintaining total abstinence. However, treatment effect had disappeared at 12-mo follow-up. Experimental and control groups showed considerable relapse independent of condition, with only 20% of Ss remaining abstinent. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- rapid vs excessive smoking procedure, modification of chronic smoking behavior