A comparison of adiabatic shear bands in wrought and additively manufactured 316L stainless steel using nanoindentation and electron backscatter diffraction

Jordan S. Weaver, Veronica Livescu, Nathan A. Mara

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Abstract

The resistance of stainless steels to shear localization is dependent on processing and microstructure. The amount of research evaluating the shear response of additively manufactured (AM) stainless steels compared to traditionally manufactured ones is limited. To address this gap, experiments were performed on directed energy deposition AM as-built and wrought 316L stainless steel using a forced shear technique with a hat-shaped specimen and a Split-Hopkinson pressure bar. The resulting adiabatic shear bands were characterized with electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and nanoindentation to quantify the changes in microstructure and deformation hardening across shear band regions and between the wrought and AM materials. Despite significant differences between the wrought and AM materials including the forced shear response, the postmortem states of work hardening due to the shear band deformation are nearly the same. The maximum nanoindentation stresses occurred in the shear band center with similar magnitudes and only minor differences away from the shear band. Although EBSD data cannot be resolved in the shear band center, misorientation trends, particularly grain reference orientation deviation, were found to closely resemble nanoindentation trends. The combination of EBSD misorientation and nanoindentation, which are linked through changes in dislocation density, is a viable protocol to quantify local changes to macroscopically applied deformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1738-1752
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

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Shear bands
Stainless Steel
Nanoindentation
Electron diffraction
Stainless steel
Microstructure
Strain hardening
Hardening
Processing
Experiments

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A comparison of adiabatic shear bands in wrought and additively manufactured 316L stainless steel using nanoindentation and electron backscatter diffraction. / Weaver, Jordan S.; Livescu, Veronica; Mara, Nathan A.

In: Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 55, No. 4, 01.02.2020, p. 1738-1752.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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