A comparative study of the chromatographic selectivity of polystyrene- coated zirconia and related reversed-phase materials

Jianhong Zhao, Peter W. Carr

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Abstract

The chromatographic selectivities of polystyrene-coated zirconia (PS- ZrO2) have been investigated in detail by means of homologue series retention studies and studies of a variety of nonpolar aromatic positional isomers. This material has been compared to polybutadiene-coated zirconia, octadecyl- and phenyl-bonded silica, and polymer-based reversed phases. In addition, the separations of a wide variety of compound classes on PS-ZrO2 were compared with those on other aromatic and aliphatic RPLC phases. The PS- ZrO2 material exhibits substantial differences in selectivity toward nonpolar and polar analytes as compared to other phases, especially with respect to polybutadiene-coated zirconia (PBD-ZrO2). On PS-ZrO2, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are retained much more than are alkylbenzenes, whereas on PBD-ZrO2 the opposite is observed. In addition, PS-ZrO2 has much greater selectivity than does PBD-ZrO2 for the separation of structural isomers which differ in the position of phenyl groups. In general, even though the carbon content of PS-ZrO2 is much lower than that of conventional reversed-phase materials, such as octadecyl-bonded silica (C18-SiO2), polar analytes exhibit sufficient retention and differential selectivity on PS-ZrO2 that resolution comparable to that on C18-SiO2 can be obtained but with substantially improved analysis times.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-309
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical chemistry
Volume72
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2000

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