A cautionary note on the effects of range restriction on predictor intercorrelations

Paul R. Sackett, Filip Lievens, Christopher M. Berry, Richard N. Landers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


The purpose of this research report is to highlight a unique set of issues that arise when considering the effects of range restriction in the context of estimating predictor intercorrelations. Three approaches are used to illustrate the issue: simulation, a concrete applied example, and a reanalysis of a meta-analysis of ability-interview correlations. The general conclusion is that a predictor intercorrelation can differ dramatically from the population value when both predictors are used in a composite that is used operationally for selection. The compensatory nature of a composite means that low scorers on one predictor can only obtain high scores on the composite if they obtain very high scores on the other predictor; this phenomenon distorts the correlation between the predictors. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)538-544
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2007


  • Ability
  • Interview
  • Meta-analysis
  • Predictor intercorrelations
  • Range restriction


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