A Case Series Evaluating Postoperative Complications of Foot and Ankle Surgeries in Adult Patients With Neuromuscular Disease

Joshua Levine, Sophia Mavrommatis, Sandy Vang, Sarah Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Patients with neuromuscular diseases such as cerebral palsy (CP) are living longer because of advances in medicine, yielding a larger number of adult patients that could benefit from corrective surgery. However, some surgeons are hesitant to offer surgery to these patients because of concern for postoperative complications. A paucity of literature exists that describes complications in patients undergoing foot and ankle surgery for neuromuscular diseases. The primary study outcome was to identify the postoperative complication rates associated with foot and ankle surgery in adult patients with neuromuscular disease. Methods: The charts of patients with neuromuscular diseases who had foot and ankle surgery by the senior author at a single institution from March 2010 to March 2020 were reviewed. Patient charts were reviewed for demographic data, medical history and diagnoses, and surgical treatment information. Only patients’ index procedures with the senior author were evaluated for surgical data. Patient charts were assessed to determine the presence or absence of a postoperative complication following an index procedure. Results: In a cohort of 42 patients, females comprised 60% of the patient cohort. The average age was 35 (range, 20-69) years old. CP was the most common neuromuscular diagnosis at 52% (22 of 42) patients. Eighteen percent (11 of 60) of the index surgeries had 1 or more complication with a total of 13 complications. The overall wound complication rate was 10% (6 of 60), infection rate was 8% (5 of 60), and the nonunion rate following arthrodesis was 10% (2 of 21). Conclusion: We conclude that foot and ankle surgery in this complex population can be done safely, with postoperative complication rates similar to the average population. Although these patients may present with unique challenges, surgeons should not forgo surgery out of concern for postoperative complications. Level of Evidence: Level IV, retrospective cohort study at a single institution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFoot and Ankle Orthopaedics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.


  • adult
  • ankle
  • cerebral palsy
  • complications
  • foot
  • neuromuscular
  • surgery

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


Dive into the research topics of 'A Case Series Evaluating Postoperative Complications of Foot and Ankle Surgeries in Adult Patients With Neuromuscular Disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this