A bicontinuous double gyroid hybrid solar cell

Edward J W Crossland, Marleen Kamperman, Mihaela Nedelcu, Caterina Ducati, Ulrich Wiesner, Detlef M. Smilgies, Gilman E S Toombes, Marc A. Hillmyer, Sabine Ludwigs, Ullrich Steiner, Henry J. Snaith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

376 Scopus citations


We report the first successful application of an ordered bicontinuous gyroid semiconducting network in a hybrid bulk heterojunction solar cell. The freestanding gyroid network is fabricated by electrochemical deposition into the 10 nm wide voided channels of a self-assembled, selectively degradable block copolymer film. The highly ordered pore structure is ideal for uniform infiltration of an organic hole transporting material, and solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells only 400 nm thick exhibit up to 1.7% power conversion efficiency. This patterning technique can be readily extended to other promising heterojunction systems and is a major step toward realizing the full potential of self-assembly in the next generation of device technologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2807-2812
Number of pages6
JournalNano letters
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 12 2009


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