A bank of maximum a posteriori estimators for single-sensor range-only target tracking

Guoquan P. Huang, Ke X. Zhou, Nikolas Trawny, Stergios I. Roumeliotis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we study estimation consistency of single-sensor target tracking using range-only measurements. We show analytically that the cost function minimized by the iterated extended Kalman filter (IEKF) has up to three local minima, which can potentially result in inconsistency or even divergence. To address this issue, we instead propose a bank of maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimators to determine the target state-space trajectory. In particular, we use the local minima of the IEKF cost function at each time step as highly accurate initial hypotheses to start a bank of iterative nonlinear optimizations. Moreover, we employ pruning and marginalization to control computational complexity. Extensive Monte Carlo simulations show that the proposed algorithm significantly outperforms the IEKF, the unscented Kalman filter (UKF), the bank of IEKFs, the particle filter (PF), and the standard MAP, both in terms of accuracy and convergence speed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2010 American Control Conference, ACC 2010
Pages6974-6980
Number of pages7
StatePublished - Oct 15 2010
Event2010 American Control Conference, ACC 2010 - Baltimore, MD, United States
Duration: Jun 30 2010Jul 2 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2010 American Control Conference, ACC 2010

Other

Other2010 American Control Conference, ACC 2010
CountryUnited States
CityBaltimore, MD
Period6/30/107/2/10

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Huang, G. P., Zhou, K. X., Trawny, N., & Roumeliotis, S. I. (2010). A bank of maximum a posteriori estimators for single-sensor range-only target tracking. In Proceedings of the 2010 American Control Conference, ACC 2010 (pp. 6974-6980). [5531337] (Proceedings of the 2010 American Control Conference, ACC 2010).