A 2-D axisymmetric CFD model of oscillatory flow with separation

Mounir B. Ibrahim, Zhiguo Zhang, Sundeep Kembhavi, Terrence W. Simon, David Gedeon

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


A 2-D axisymmetric computational model was developed to simulate a UMN test rig and encompassing: a piston/cylinder and 90 degree flow turn to a radial flow between two discs. Three cases were studied representing a combination of two disc spacings (54 & 127 mm) and two oscillating frequencies (30 & 70 CPM). The CFD-ACE+ commercial CFD code was utilized for this study. Both laminar and turbulent simulations were attempted. The CFD code was validated by comparing with experimental data for a unidirectional jet impinging on a flat plate. The agreement was good. The laminar and turbulent flow cases mimic closely the flow visualization obtained in the UMN rig. The CFD simulations for the three oscillatory flow cases revealed close similarity of flow features. However, distinct differences were noticed, in both computations and experiments, between small and large disc spacing in the channel. The small channel shows the presence of vortices only in a portion of the cycle. The large channel shows a large vortex throughout the whole cycle. This vortex gets stronger during jetting into the disc space (exhaust stroke) and weaker during suction into the cylinder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-555
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002
Event2002 37th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, IECEC - Washington, DC, United States
Duration: Jul 29 2002Jul 31 2002


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