Find Research Outputs

Search concepts
Selected Filters
2018

A single-cell translocation and secretion assay (TransSeA)

Cai, W., Chiu, Y. J., Ramakrishnan, V., Tsai, Y., Chen, C. C. & Lo, Y. H., Jan 1 2018, In : Lab on a chip. 18, 20, p. 3154-3162 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cystic Formation After Stereotactic Radiosurgery of Brain Metastasis

Alattar, A. A., Carroll, K., Hirshman, B. R., Joshi, R. S., Sanghvi, P. & Chen, C. C., Jun 1 2018, In : World neurosurgery. 114, p. e719-e728

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Radiosurgery
Cysts
Neoplasm Metastasis
Brain
Nervous System

Diagnostic utility of restriction spectrum imaging (RSI) in glioblastoma patients after concurrent radiation-temozolomide treatment: A pilot study

Khan, U. A., Rennert, R. C., White, N. S., Bartsch, H., Farid, N., Dale, A. M. & Chen, C. C., Jan 1 2018, (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of Clinical Neuroscience.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

temozolomide
Glioblastoma
Radiation
Recurrence
Neoplasms

Extracellular Vesicles as a Platform for Glioma Therapeutic Development

Santiago-DIeppa, D. R., Gonda, D. D., Cheung, V. J., Steinberg, J. A., Carter, B. S. & Chen, C. C., Jan 1 2018, In : Progress in neurological surgery. 32, p. 172-179 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glioma
Cellular Microenvironment
Neurosurgery
Therapeutics
Organelles

Impact of neurosurgeon specialization on patient outcomes for intracranial and spinal surgery: A retrospective analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample 1998-2009

McCutcheon, B. A., Hirshman, B. R., Gabel, B. C., Heffner, M. W., Marcus, L. P., Cole, T. S., Chen, C. C., Chang, D. C. & Carter, B. S., May 1 2018, In : Journal of neurosurgery. 128, 5, p. 1578-1588 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Inpatients
Cohort Studies
Mortality
Morbidity
Spine

In Reply to “Comments on Results of Carroll et al's Study on Survival Benefits of Gross Total Resection”

Carroll, K. T. & Chen, C. C., Aug 1 2018, In : World Neurosurgery. 116, p. 479-480 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

2 Citations

Interaction Between the Contributions of Tumor Location, Tumor Grade, and Patient Age to the Survival Benefit Associated with Gross Total Resection

Carroll, K. T., Bryant, A. K., Hirshman, B., Alattar, A. A., Joshi, R., Gabel, B., Carter, B. S., Harismendy, O., Vaida, F. & Chen, C. C., Mar 1 2018, In : World Neurosurgery. 111, p. e790-e798

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Survival
Astrocytoma
Glioblastoma
Neoplasms
Frontal Lobe

Intraoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging–Guided Biopsy in the Diagnosis of Suprasellar Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

Carroll, K. T., Lochte, B. C., Chen, J. Y., Snyder, V. S., Carter, B. S. & Chen, C. C., Apr 1 2018, In : World neurosurgery. 112, p. 6-13 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Image-Guided Biopsy
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Cladribine
Neuroanatomy

Management of Through-and-Through Penetrating Skull Injury: A Railroad Spike That Transgressed the Anterior Skull Base

Hoshide, R., Steinberg, J., Wali, A., Ko, A., Pannell, J. S. & Chen, C. C., Feb 1 2018, In : World Neurosurgery. 110, p. 65-70 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Railroads
Skull Base
Skull
Wounds and Injuries
Vascular System Injuries

Molecular physiology of contrast enhancement in glioblastomas: An analysis of The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA)

Treiber, J. M., Steed, T. C., Brandel, M. G., Patel, K. S., Dale, A. M., Carter, B. S. & Chen, C. C., Sep 1 2018, In : Journal of Clinical Neuroscience. 55, p. 86-92 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glioblastoma
Gene Expression
Neoplasms
Biological Phenomena
CpG Islands
6 Citations

Oligodendroglioma resection: A Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) analysis

Alattar, A. A., Brandel, M. G., Hirshman, B. R., Dong, X., Carroll, K. T., Ali, M. A., Carter, B. S. & Chen, C. C., Apr 1 2018, In : Journal of Neurosurgery. 128, 4, p. 1076-1083 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oligodendroglioma
Epidemiology
Astrocytoma
Survival
SEER Program

Patterns of Clinical Use of Stereotactic Laser Ablation: Analysis of a Multicenter Prospective Registry

Rennert, R. C., Khan, U., Tatter, S. B., Field, M., Toyota, B., Fecci, P. E., Judy, K., Mohammadi, A. M., Landazuri, P., Sloan, A., Leuthardt, E. & Chen, C. C., Aug 1 2018, In : World neurosurgery. 116, p. e566-e570

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laser Therapy
Registries
Glioma
Therapeutics
Radiosurgery

Post-operative imaging assessment of non-functioning pituitary adenomas

Patel, K. S., Dhawan, S., Wang, R., Carter, B. S., Chen, J. Y. & Chen, C. C., May 1 2018, In : Acta Neurochirurgica. 160, 5, p. 1029-1039 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Pituitary Neoplasms
Residual Neoplasm
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Pneumocephalus
Pituitary Gland

Prognostic Importance of Age, Tumor Location, and Tumor Grade in Grade II Astrocytomas: An Integrated Analysis of the Cancer Genome Atlas and the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Database

Alattar, A. A., Carroll, K. T., Bryant, A. K., Hirshman, B., Joshi, R., Carter, B. S., Harismendy, O. & Chen, C. C., Jan 1 2018, (Accepted/In press) In : World neurosurgery.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Atlases
Astrocytoma
Epidemiology
Genome
Databases

Quantification of glioblastoma mass effect by lateral ventricle displacement

Steed, T. C., Treiber, J. M., Brandel, M. G., Patel, K. S., Dale, A. M., Carter, B. S. & Chen, C. C., Dec 1 2018, In : Scientific reports. 8, 1, 2827.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lateral Ventricles
Glioblastoma
Neoplasms
Gene Expression
Karnofsky Performance Status
3 Citations

Superior prognostic value of cumulative intracranial tumor volume relative to largest intracranial tumor volume for stereotactic radiosurgery-treated brain metastasis patients

Hirshman, B. R., Wilson, B., Ali, M. A., Proudfoot, J. A., Koiso, T., Nagano, O., Carter, B. S., Serizawa, T., Yamamot, M. & Chen, C. C., Apr 1 2018, In : Clinical Neurosurgery. 82, 4, p. 473-480 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Radiosurgery
Tumor Burden
Neoplasm Metastasis
Brain
Confidence Intervals

Survival patterns of oligoastrocytoma patients: A surveillance, epidemiology and end results (SEER) based analysis

Lanman, T. A., Compton, J. N., Carroll, K. T., Hirshman, B. R., Ali, M. A., Lochte, B., Carter, B. & Chen, C. C., Mar 1 2018, In : Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management. 11, p. 70-75 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Epidemiology
Survival
varespladib methyl
Oligodendroglioma
Astrocytoma
1 Citations

The Utility of Routine Intensive Care Admission for Patients Undergoing Intracranial Neurosurgical Procedures: A Systematic Review

de Almeida, C. C., Boone, M. D., Laviv, Y., Kasper, B. S., Chen, C. C. & Kasper, E. M., Feb 1 2018, In : Neurocritical Care. 28, 1, p. 35-42 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Neurosurgical Procedures
Patient Admission
Critical Care
Intensive Care Units
Brain Neoplasms
1 Citations

Tumor-related epilepsy: epidemiology, pathogenesis and management

Chen, D. Y., Chen, C. C., Crawford, J. R. & Wang, S., Aug 1 2018, In : Journal of neuro-oncology. 139, 1, p. 13-21 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Epilepsy
Epidemiology
Brain Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Tumor Burden
2017

Association between tumor architecture derived from generalized Q-space MRI and survival in glioblastoma

Taylor, E. N., Ding, Y., Zhu, S., Cheah, E., Alexander, P., Lin, L., Aninwene, G. E., Hoffman, M. P., Mahajan, A., Mohamed, A. S. R., McDannold, N., Fuller, C. D., Chen, C. C. & Gilbert, R. J., Jan 1 2017, In : Oncotarget. 8, 26, p. 41815-41826 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glioblastoma
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Survival
Neoplasms
Rodentia
3 Citations

Clinical efficacy and safety of surface imaging guided radiosurgery (SIG-RS) in the treatment of benign skull base tumors

Lau, S. K. M., Patel, K., Kim, T., Knipprath, E., Kim, G. Y., Cerviño, L. I., Lawson, J. D., Murphy, K. T., Sanghvi, P., Carter, B. S. & Chen, C. C., Apr 1 2017, In : Journal of neuro-oncology. 132, 2, p. 307-312 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Radiosurgery
Skull Base
Safety
Neoplasms
Therapeutics
15 Citations

Coding and noncoding landscape of extracellular RNA released by human glioma stem cells

Wei, Z., Batagov, A. O., Schinelli, S., Wang, J., Wang, Y., El Fatimy, R., Rabinovsky, R., Balaj, L., Chen, C. C., Hochberg, F., Carter, B., Breakefield, X. O. & Krichevsky, A. M., Dec 1 2017, In : Nature communications. 8, 1, 1145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

stem cells
biomarkers
Stem cells
Glioma
coding

Concurrence of chromosome 6 chromothripsis and glioblastoma metastasis

Rennert, R. C., Hoshide, R. R., Signorelli, J. W., Amaro, D., Sack, J. A., Brennan, C. W. & Chen, C. C., May 1 2017, In : Journal of neurosurgery. 126, 5, p. 1472-1478 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6
Glioblastoma
Atlases
Neoplasm Metastasis
Genome
3 Citations

Depression After Spinal Surgery: A Comparative Analysis of the California Outcomes Database

Wilson, B. R., Tringale, K. R., Hirshman, B. R., Zhou, T., Umlauf, A., Taylor, W. R., Ciacci, J. D., Carter, B. S. & Chen, C. C., Jan 1 2017, In : Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 92, 1, p. 88-97 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Databases
Cholecystectomy
Hysterectomy
Coronary Artery Bypass
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
4 Citations

Effect of Gross Total Resection in World Health Organization Grade II Astrocytomas: SEER-Based Survival Analysis

Schupper, A. J., Hirshman, B. R., Carroll, K. T., Ali, M. A., Carter, B. S. & Chen, C. C., Jul 1 2017, In : World neurosurgery. 103, p. 741-747 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Astrocytoma
Survival Analysis
Epidemiology
varespladib methyl
Glioblastoma
8 Citations

Glioblastoma cellular cross-talk converges on NF-κB to attenuate EGFR inhibitor sensitivity

Zanca, C., Villa, G. R., Benitez, J. A., Thorne, A. H., Koga, T., D’Antonio, M., Ikegami, S., Ma, J., Boyer, A. D., Banisadr, A., Jameson, N. M., Parisian, A. D., Eliseeva, O. V., Barnabe, G. F., Liu, F., Wu, S., Yang, H., Wykosky, J., Frazer, K. A., Verkhusha, V. V. & 8 othersIsaguliants, M. G., Weiss, W. A., Gahman, T. C., Shiau, A. K., Chen, C. C., Mischel, P. S., Cavenee, W. K. & Furnari, F. B., Jun 15 2017, In : Genes and Development. 31, 12, p. 1212-1227 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glioblastoma
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Interleukin-6
Proteins
2 Citations

ICP management in patients suffering from traumatic brain injury: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials

Abraham, P., Rennert, R. C., Gabel, B. C., Sack, J. A., Karanjia, N., Warnke, P. & Chen, C. C., Dec 1 2017, In : Acta Neurochirurgica. 159, 12, p. 2279-2287 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Intracranial Pressure
Randomized Controlled Trials
Coma
Decompressive Craniectomy
Traumatic Brain Injury
Hydrocephalus
Randomized Controlled Trials
Pediatrics
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Equipment and Supplies
3 Citations

Improving the Prognostic Value of Disease-Specific Graded Prognostic Assessment Model for Renal Cell Carcinoma by Incorporation of Cumulative Intracranial Tumor Volume

Ali, M. A., Hirshman, B. R., Wilson, B., Schupper, A. J., Joshi, R., Proudfoot, J. A., Goetsch, S. J., Alksne, J. F., Ott, K., Aiyama, H., Nagano, O., Carter, B. S., Chiang, V., Serizawa, T., Yamamoto, M. & Chen, C. C., Dec 1 2017, In : World neurosurgery. 108, p. 151-156 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tumor Burden
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Neoplasm Metastasis
Brain
Radiosurgery
4 Citations

Management and Survival Patterns of Patients with Gliomatosis Cerebri: A SEER-Based Analysis

Carroll, K. T., Hirshman, B., Ali, M. A., Alattar, A. A., Brandel, M. G., Lochte, B., Lanman, T., Carter, B. & Chen, C. C., Jul 1 2017, In : World neurosurgery. 103, p. 186-193 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Neuroepithelial Neoplasms
Epidemiology
Survival
temozolomide
Physicians' Practice Patterns
1 Citations

Prophylactic anticonvulsants in patients with primary glioblastoma

Wali, A. R., Rennert, R. C., Wang, S. G. & Chen, C. C., Nov 1 2017, In : Journal of neuro-oncology. 135, 2, p. 229-235 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Glioblastoma
Anticonvulsants
Seizures
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Brain Neoplasms
16 Citations

Rapid Isolation and Detection of Exosomes and Associated Biomarkers from Plasma

Ibsen, S. D., Wright, J., Lewis, J. M., Kim, S., Ko, S. Y., Ong, J., Manouchehri, S., Vyas, A., Akers, J., Chen, C. C., Carter, B. S., Esener, S. C. & Heller, M. J., Jul 25 2017, In : ACS Nano. 11, 7, p. 6641-6651 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

biomarkers
electrokinetics
Biomarkers
isolation
alternating current
2 Citations

Real-time magnetic resonance imaging-guided biopsy using smartframe® stereotaxis in the setting of a conventional diagnostic magnetic resonance imaging suite

Scheer, J. K., Hamelin, T., Chang, L., Lemkuil, B., Carter, B. S. & Chen, C. C., Jun 1 2017, In : Operative Neurosurgery. 13, 3, p. 329-337 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Image-Guided Biopsy
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Biopsy
Needle Biopsy
Laser Therapy
1 Citations

Role of Biopsies in the Management of Intracranial Gliomas

Patel, K. S., Carter, B. S. & Chen, C. C., Jan 1 2017, In : Progress in Neurological Surgery. 30, p. 232-243 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glioma
Biopsy
Brain
Brain Stem
Decision Making
1 Citations

Survival Patterns of 5750 Stereotactic Radiosurgery–Treated Patients with Brain Metastasis as a Function of the Number of Lesions

Ali, M. A., Hirshman, B. R., Wilson, B., Carroll, K. T., Proudfoot, J. A., Goetsch, S. J., Alksne, J. F., Ott, K., Aiyama, H., Nagano, O., Carter, B. S., Fogarty, G., Hong, A., Serizawa, T., Yamamoto, M. & Chen, C. C., Nov 1 2017, In : World neurosurgery. 107, p. 944-951.e1

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Radiosurgery
Neoplasm Metastasis
Survival
Brain
Radiotherapy

Survival trends of oligodendroglial tumor patients and associated clinical practice patterns: a SEER-based analysis

Brandel, M. G., Alattar, A. A., Hirshman, B. R., Dong, X., Carroll, K. T., Ali, M. A., Carter, B. S. & Chen, C. C., May 1 2017, In : Journal of neuro-oncology. 133, 1, p. 173-181 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Physicians' Practice Patterns
Oligodendroglioma
Survival
Radiotherapy
Neoplasms
3 Citations

The Association between Psychiatric Comorbidities and Outcomes for Inpatients with Traumatic Brain Injury

Brandel, M. G., Hirshman, B. R., McCutcheon, B. A., Tringale, K., Carroll, K., Richtand, N. M., Perry, W., Chen, C. C. & Carter, B. S., Mar 1 2017, In : Journal of Neurotrauma. 34, 5, p. 1005-1016 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Psychiatry
Comorbidity
Inpatients
International Classification of Diseases
Bipolar Disorder

The use of TMZ embedded hydrogels for the treatment of orthotopic human glioma xenografts

Adhikari, B., Li, J., Brandel, M. G., Futalan, D., Akers, J., Deming, T., Chen, C. C. & Carter, B. S., Nov 1 2017, In : Journal of Clinical Neuroscience. 45, p. 288-292 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

temozolomide
Hydrogels
Heterografts
Glioma
Glioblastoma

Vertebroplasty for vertebral compression fractures: Placebo or effective?

Wali, A., Martin, J., Rennert, R., Resnick, D., Taylor, W., Warnke, P. & Chen, C., Jan 1 2017, In : Surgical Neurology International. 8, 1

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Vertebroplasty
Compression Fractures
Placebos
Control Groups
Pain
2016

A pilot study of physician personal preferences for treatment of glioblastoma

Chen, C. C., Depp, C., Wilson, B., Bartek, J. & Carter, B., Oct 1 2016, In : Acta Neurochirurgica. 158, 10, 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Glioblastoma
Physicians
Therapeutics

Applications of Stereotactic Radiosurgery in Neuro-Oncology

Patel, K. S., Chapman, P. H., Bussiere, M., Loeffler, J. S. & Chen, C. C., Apr 12 2016, Handbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., p. 257-271 15 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Radiosurgery
Ionizing Radiation
DNA Repair
Radiation
Wounds and Injuries
22 Citations

B7-H4(B7x)-mediated cross-talk between glioma-initiating cells and macrophages via the IL6/JAK/STAT3 pathway lead to poor prognosis in glioma patients

Yao, Y., Ye, H., Qi, Z., Mo, L., Yue, Q., Baral, A., Hoon, D. S. B., Vera, J. C., Heiss, J. D., Chen, C. C., Hua, W., Zhang, J., Jin, K., Wang, Y., Mao, Y., Zang, X. & Zhou, L., Jun 1 2016, In : Clinical Cancer Research. 22, 11, p. 2778-2790 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glioma
Interleukin-6
Macrophages
Microglia
Immunosuppressive Agents
7 Citations

Characterization and correction of geometric distortions in 814 Diffusion Weighted Images

Treiber, J. M., White, N. S., Steed, T. C., Bartsch, H., Holland, D., Farid, N., McDonald, C. R., Carter, B. S., Dale, A. M. & Chen, C. C., Mar 1 2016, In : PloS one. 11, 3, e0152472.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Echo-Planar Imaging
image analysis
Imaging techniques
Brain
brain
1 Citations

Coevolution of Peer-Reviewed Literature and Clinical Practice in High-Grade Glioma Resection

Hirshman, B. R., Jones, L. A., Carroll, K. T., Tang, J. A., Proudfoot, J. A., Carley, K. M., Carter, B. S. & Chen, C. C., Dec 1 2016, In : World neurosurgery. 96, p. 237-241 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glioma
Physicians' Practice Patterns
Veterans Health
United States Department of Veterans Affairs
Databases
24 Citations

Comparative analysis of technologies for quantifying extracellular vesicles (EVs) in clinical cerebrospinal fluids (CSF)

Akers, J. C., Ramakrishnan, V., Nolan, J. P., Duggan, E., Fu, C. C., Hochberg, F. H., Chen, C. C. & Carter, B. S., Feb 1 2016, In : PLoS One. 11, 2, e0149866.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cerebrospinal fluid
cerebrospinal fluid
Cerebrospinal Fluid
quantitative analysis
Technology
10 Citations

Congress of Neurological Surgeons Systematic Review and Evidence-Based Guidelines on the Management of Patients with Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenomas: Executive Summary

Aghi, M. K., Chen, C. C., Fleseriu, M., Newman, S. A., Lucas, J. W., Kuo, J. S., Barkhoudarian, G., Farrell, C. J., Sheehan, J., Ziu, M. & Dunn, I. F., Oct 1 2016, In : Neurosurgery. 79, 4, p. 521-523 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Pituitary Neoplasms
Guidelines
Advisory Committees
Residual Neoplasm
Neuronavigation
9 Citations

Cumulative Intracranial Tumor Volume (CITV) enhances the prognostic value of the lung-specific Graded Prognostic Assessment (GPA) Model

Marcus, L. P., Marshall, D., Hirshman, B. R., McCutcheon, B. A., Gonda, D. D., Koiso, T., Hattangadi-Gluth, J. A., Carter, B. S., Yamamoto, M. & Chen, C. C., Aug 1 2016, In : Neurosurgery. 79, 2, p. 246-252 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tumor Burden
Lung
Neoplasm Metastasis
Survival
Radiosurgery
5 Citations

Differential localization of glioblastoma subtype: Implications on glioblastoma pathogenesis

Steed, T. C., Treiber, J. M., Patel, K., Ramakrishnan, V., Merk, A., Smith, A. R., Carter, B. S., Dale, A. M., Chow, L. M. L. & Chen, C. C., May 1 2016, In : Oncotarget. 7, 18, p. 24899-24907 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glioblastoma
Lateral Ventricles
Cerebrum
Tumor Burden
Neoplasms
1 Citations

Do corticosteroids play a role in the management of traumatic brain injury?

Hoshide, R., Cheung, V., Marshall, L., Kasper, E. & Chen, C. C., Jan 1 2016, In : Surgical Neurology International. 7, 1, 84.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Neurology
Clinical Trials
Population
Traumatic Brain Injury
5 Citations

Extended transsphenoidal approach for pituitary adenomas invading the cavernous sinus using multiple complementary techniques

Bao, X., Deng, K., Liu, X., Feng, M., Chen, C. C., Lian, W., Xing, B., Yao, Y. & Wang, R., Feb 1 2016, In : Pituitary. 19, 1, p. 1-10 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cavernous Sinus
Pituitary Neoplasms
Reoperation
Neoplasms
Neuronavigation