90-Day Bundled Payment Simulation, Health Care Utilization, and Complications following Craniopharyngioma Resection in Adult Patients

Nicholas Dietz, Mayur Sharma, Kevin John, Dengzhi Wang, Beatrice Ugiliweneza, Sriprakash Mokshagundam, Martin F. Bjurström, Maxwell Boakye, Brian J. Williams, Norberto Andaluz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Context  Bundled payment and health care utilization models inform cost optimization and surgical outcomes. Economic analysis of payment plans for craniopharyngioma resection is unknown. Objective  This study aimed to identify impact of endocrine and nonendocrine complications (EC and NEC, respectively) on health care utilization and bundled payments following craniopharyngioma resection. Design  This study is presented as a retrospective cohort analysis (2000-2016) with 2 years of follow-up. Setting  The study included national inpatient hospitalization and outpatient visits. Patients  Patients undergoing craniopharyngioma resection were divided into the following four groups: group 1, no complications (NC); group 2, only EC; group 3, NEC; and group 4, both endocrine and nonendocrine complications (ENEC). Interventions  This study investigated transphenoidal or subfrontal approach for tumor resection. Main Outcome  Hospital readmission, health care utilization up to 24 months following discharge, and 90-day bundled payment performances are primary outcomes of this study. Results  Median index hospitalization payments were significantly lower for patients in NC cohort ($28,672) compared with those in EC ($32,847), NEC ($36,259), and ENEC ($32,596; p < 0.0001). Patients in ENEC incurred higher outpatient services and overall median payments at 6 months (NC: 38,268; EC: 49,844; NEC: 68,237; and ENEC: 81,053), 1 year (NC: 46,878; EC: 58,210; NEC: 81,043; and ENEC: 94,768), and 2 years (NC: 58,391; EC: 70,418; NEC: 98,838; and ENEC: 1,11,841; p < 0.0001). The 90-day median bundled payment was significantly different among the cohorts with the highest in ENEC ($60,728) and lowest in the NC ($33,089; p < 0.0001). Conclusion  ENEC following surgery incurred almost two times the overall median payments at 90 days, 6 months, 1 year. and 2 years compared with those without complications. Bundled payment model may not be a feasible option in this patient population. Type of complications and readmission rates should be considered to optimize payment model prediction following craniopharyngioma resection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.


  • bundle payments
  • complications
  • craniopharyngioma
  • economics


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