A series of 6-alkoxy and 6-alkylamino carbovir derivatives were synthesized in order to evaluate prodrug approaches to increased bioavailability of the anti-HIV agent, carbovir. All of the compounds were active against HIV with the N-alkyl derivatives less active than the corresponding O-alkyl derivatives. The adenosine deaminase inhibitor, EHNA, had no effect on the anti-HIV activity of 6-propoxycarbovir, while the adenylic acid deaminase inhibitor, 2’ -deoxycoformycin, significantly decreased antiviral activity. These observations suggest that the 6-alkoxycarbovirs are metabolized directly to the monophosphates and are subsequently converted to carbovir monophosphate via adenylic acid deaminase.
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Acknowledgments. This work was supported by Public Health Service Grant CA23263 from the National Cancer Institute and Grant A129157 from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.