N-3-Hydroxylation of pyrimidine-2,4-diones was recently found to yield inhibitors of both HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) and integrase (IN). An extended series of analogues featuring a benzoyl group at the C-6 position of the pyrimidine ring was synthesized. Through biochemical studies it was found that these new analogues are dually active against both RT and IN in low micromolar range. Antiviral assays confirmed that these new inhibitors are active against HIV-1 in cell culture at nanomolar to low micromolar range, further validating 3-hydroxypyrimidine-2,4-diones as a viable scaffold for antiviral development.
- Dual inhibitors
- Reverse transcriptase