5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptor effects on recognition memory, motor/exploratory behaviors, emotionality and regional dopamine transporter binding in the rat

Susanne Nikolaus, Owen Y. Chao, Jan Henke, Markus Beu, Benedetta Fazari, Filipe Rodrigues Almeida, Laila Abdel-Hafiz, Christina Antke, Hubertus Hautzel, Eduards Mamlins, Hans Wilhelm Müller, Joseph P. Huston, Charlotte von Gall, Frederik L. Giesel

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Both dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) play key roles in numerous functions including motor control, stress response and learning. So far, there is scarce or conflicting evidence about the effects of 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptor (R) agonists and antagonists on recognition memory in the rat. This also holds for their effect on cerebral DA as well as 5-HT release. In the present study, we assessed the effects of the 5-HT1AR agonist 8-OH-DPAT and antagonist WAY100,635 and the 5-HT2AR agonist DOI and antagonist altanserin (ALT) on rat behaviors. Moreover, we investigated their impact on monoamine efflux by measuring monoamine transporter binding in various regions of the rat brain. After injection of either 8-OH-DPAT (3 mg/kg), WAY100,635 (0.4 mg/kg), DOI (0.1 mg/kg), ALT (1 mg/kg) or the respective vehicle (saline, DMSO), rats underwent an object and place recognition memory test in the open field. Upon the assessment of object exploration, motor/exploratory parameters and feces excretion, rats were administered the monoamine transporter radioligand N-o-fluoropropyl-2b-carbomethoxy-3b-(4-[123I]iodophenyl)-nortropane ([123I]-FP-CIT; 8.9 ± 2.6 MBq) into the tail vein. Regional radioactivity accumulations in the rat brain were determined post mortem. Compared vehicle, administration of 8-OH-DPAT impaired memory for place, decreased rearing behavior, and increased ambulation as well as head-shoulder movements. DOI administration led to a reduction in rearing behavior but an increase in head-shoulder motility relative to vehicle. Feces excretion was diminished after ALT relative to vehicle. Dopamine transporter (DAT) binding was increased in the caudateputamen (CP), but decreased in the nucleus accumbens (NAC) after 8-OH-DPAT relative to vehicle. Moreover, DAT binding was decreased in the NAC after ALT relative to vehicle. Findings indicate that 5-HT1AR inhibition and 5-HT2AR activation may impair memory for place. Furthermore, results imply associations not only between recognition memory, motor/exploratory behavior and emotionality but also between the respective parameters and the levels of available DA in CP and NAC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115051
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
StatePublished - Jul 9 2024

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  • 5-HT receptor
  • Dopamine transporter binding
  • Emotionality
  • Object and place recognition


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