(3R,5S,7as)-(3,5-bis(4-fluorophenyl)tetrahydro-1h-oxazolo[3,4-c] oxazol-7a-yl)methanol, a novel neuroprotective agent

Kelly E. Desino, Sabah Ansar, Gunda I. Georg, Richard H. Himes, Mary Lou Michaelis, Douglas R. Powell, Emily A. Reiff, Hanumaiah Telikepalli, Kenneth L. Audus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Compounds that interact with microtubules, such as paclitaxel, have been shown to possess protective properties against β-amyloid (Aβ) induced neurodegeneration associated with Alzheimer's disease. In this work, the novel agent (3R,5S,7as)-(3,5-bis(4-fluorophenyl)tetrahydro-1H-oxazolo[3,4-c]oxazol-7a- yl)methanol was investigated for effectiveness in protecting neurons against several toxic stimuli and its interaction with the microtubule network. Exposure of neuronal cultures to Aβ peptide in the presence of 5 nM (3R,5S,7as)-(3,5-bis(4-fluorophenyl)tetrahydro-1H-oxazolo[3,4-c]oxazol-7a-yl) methanol resulted in a 50% increase in survival. Neuronal cultures treated with other toxic stimuli such as staurosporine, thapsigargin, paraquat, and H 2O2 showed significantly enhanced survival in the presence of (3R,5S,7as)-(3,5-bis(4-fluorophenyl)tetrahydro-1H-oxazolo[3,4-c]oxazol-7a- yl)methanol. Microtubule binding and tubulin assembly studies revealed differences compared to paclitaxel but confirmed the interaction of (3R,5S,7as)-(3,5-bis(4-fluorophenyl)tetrahydro-1H-oxazolo[3,4-c]oxazol-7a-yl) methanol with microtubules. Furthermore, in vitro studies using bovine brain microvessel endothelial cells experiments suggest that (3R,5S,7as)-(3,5-bis(4- fluorophenyl)tetrahydro-1H-oxazolo[3,4-c]oxazol-7a-yl)methanol can readily cross the blood-brain barrier in a passive manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7537-7543
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of medicinal chemistry
Volume52
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2009

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