3D Printing Ionogel Auxetic Frameworks for Stretchable Sensors

Jitkanya Wong, Alex T. Gong, Peter A. Defnet, Leire Meabe, Bruce Beauchamp, Rob Sweet, Haritz Sardon, Corie L. Cobb, Alshakim Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ionogels are an emerging class of soft materials that exhibit ionic conductivity and thermal stability without the need to replenish ions or the addition of conductive particle fillers. An ionogel ink is reported for direct-write 3D printing to fabricate conductive structures that can vary in the printed object geometries. This approach relies on a shear-thinning ionogel ink that can be extruded to afford self-supporting constructs. After a brief UV cure, the printed construct is transformed into a mechanically tough, transparent structure that is ionically conductive. Upon application of stretching and twisting loads, the 3D-printed objects exhibit detectable changes in conductivity. To demonstrate the versatility of rapid prototyping with the ionogel inks, an auxetic structure is 3D printed and tested as a strain sensor. The printed auxetic structure exhibits an electrical response to strain, but also demonstrates increased extensibility and operational range in comparison to a casted bulk film with the same outer dimensions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1900452
JournalAdvanced Materials Technologies
Volume4
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

Keywords

  • ionic liquids
  • ionogels
  • printing
  • soft sensors
  • stretchable sensors

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    Wong, J., Gong, A. T., Defnet, P. A., Meabe, L., Beauchamp, B., Sweet, R., Sardon, H., Cobb, C. L., & Nelson, A. (2019). 3D Printing Ionogel Auxetic Frameworks for Stretchable Sensors. Advanced Materials Technologies, 4(9), [1900452]. https://doi.org/10.1002/admt.201900452