3D printed bionic nanodevices

Yong Lin Kong, Maneesh K. Gupta, Blake N. Johnson, Michael C. McAlpine

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ability to three-dimensionally interweave biological and functional materials could enable the creation of bionic devices possessing unique and compelling geometries, properties, and functionalities. Indeed, interfacing high performance active devices with biology could impact a variety of fields, including regenerative bioelectronic medicines, smart prosthetics, medical robotics, and human–machine interfaces. Biology, from the molecular scale of DNA and proteins, to the macroscopic scale of tissues and organs, is three-dimensional, often soft and stretchable, and temperature sensitive. This renders most biological platforms incompatible with the fabrication and materials processing methods that have been developed and optimized for functional electronics, which are typically planar, rigid and brittle. A number of strategies have been developed to overcome these dichotomies. One particularly novel approach is the use of extrusion- based multi-material 3D printing, which is an additive manufacturing technology that offers a freeform fabrication strategy. This approach addresses the dichotomies presented above by (1) using 3D printing and imaging for customized, hierarchical, and interwoven device architectures; (2) employing nanotechnology as an enabling route for introducing high performance materials, with the potential for exhibiting properties not found in the bulk; and (3) 3D printing a range of soft and nanoscale materials to enable the integration of a diverse palette of high quality functional nanomaterials with biology. Further, 3D printing is a multi-scale platform, allowing for the incorporation of functional nanoscale inks, the printing of microscale features, and ultimately the creation of macroscale devices. This blending of 3D printing, novel nanomaterial properties, and ‘living’ platforms may enable next-generation bionic systems. In this review, we highlight this synergistic integration of the unique properties of nanomaterials with the versatility of extrusion-based 3D printing technologies to interweave nanomaterials and fabricate novel bionic devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)330-350
Number of pages21
JournalNano Today
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Fingerprint

Bionics
Printing
Nanostructures
Nanostructured materials
Equipment and Supplies
Extrusion
3D printers
Technology
Ink
Nanotechnology
Regenerative Medicine
Fabrication
Robotics
Functional materials
Prosthetics
Three Dimensional Printing
Molecular Biology
Biological materials
DNA
Electronic equipment

Keywords

  • 3D printing
  • Bio-nano hybrids
  • Bioelectronics
  • Bionic devices
  • Nanodevices
  • Nanomaterials

Cite this

Kong, Y. L., Gupta, M. K., Johnson, B. N., & McAlpine, M. C. (2016). 3D printed bionic nanodevices. Nano Today, 11(3), 330-350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nantod.2016.04.007

3D printed bionic nanodevices. / Kong, Yong Lin; Gupta, Maneesh K.; Johnson, Blake N.; McAlpine, Michael C.

In: Nano Today, Vol. 11, No. 3, 01.06.2016, p. 330-350.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Kong, YL, Gupta, MK, Johnson, BN & McAlpine, MC 2016, '3D printed bionic nanodevices', Nano Today, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 330-350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nantod.2016.04.007
Kong, Yong Lin ; Gupta, Maneesh K. ; Johnson, Blake N. ; McAlpine, Michael C. / 3D printed bionic nanodevices. In: Nano Today. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 3. pp. 330-350.
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