3D microstructures of Sb2Te3 precipitates in PbTe matrix with prediction by a weak compatibility condition

Xian Chen, Shanshan Cao, Teruyuki Ikeda, Vijay Srivastava, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Dominique Schryvers, Richard D James

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We propose that a weak compatibility condition predicts the elongated directions for Widmanstätten type precipitates. The distribution of the elongated directions of precipitates lies on a family of crystallographically equivalent cones in 3D determined by a certain transformation stretch matrix obtained independently. A 3D visualization and digitization method is developed to show how the cone variants control the preferred growth directions during precipitation of Sb2Te3 in a (5 μm)3 PbTe matrix. A series of two-dimensional secondary electron images are acquired along the direction perpendicular to the imaging plane. By pixelating all the images and calculating the position vectors on the surface of each precipitate, the elongation directions are calculated using a 3-dimensional ellipsoidal fitting for 182 precipitates. The 3D plot of the elongation directions shows that their spacial orientations are close to four predicted cones with a standard deviation of 5.6°. The length along the elongation directions reveals an asymmetric distribution with a mean value of about 240 nm. The total volume fraction of the precipitates is 8.3%. The average area of the precipitates per volume is 0.68 μm-1 by one point statistical calculation. These results build on our study presented in [1] by analyzing a significantly bigger data set and by including the length distribution and 1-point statistics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012
Pages125-130
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
Event1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012 - Seven Springs, PA, United States
Duration: Jul 8 2012Jul 12 2012

Publication series

Name1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012

Other

Other1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012
CountryUnited States
CitySeven Springs, PA
Period7/8/127/12/12

Fingerprint

Precipitates
Microstructure
Cones
Elongation
Analog to digital conversion
Volume fraction
Visualization
Statistics
Imaging techniques
Electrons

Keywords

  • Compatibility
  • Focused-ion-beam
  • Precipitates
  • Slice-and-view
  • Widmanstätten

Cite this

Chen, X., Cao, S., Ikeda, T., Srivastava, V., Snyder, G. J., Schryvers, D., & James, R. D. (2012). 3D microstructures of Sb2Te3 precipitates in PbTe matrix with prediction by a weak compatibility condition. In 1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012 (pp. 125-130). (1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012).

3D microstructures of Sb2Te3 precipitates in PbTe matrix with prediction by a weak compatibility condition. / Chen, Xian; Cao, Shanshan; Ikeda, Teruyuki; Srivastava, Vijay; Snyder, G. Jeffrey; Schryvers, Dominique; James, Richard D.

1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012. 2012. p. 125-130 (1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Chen, X, Cao, S, Ikeda, T, Srivastava, V, Snyder, GJ, Schryvers, D & James, RD 2012, 3D microstructures of Sb2Te3 precipitates in PbTe matrix with prediction by a weak compatibility condition. in 1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012. 1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012, pp. 125-130, 1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012, Seven Springs, PA, United States, 7/8/12.
Chen X, Cao S, Ikeda T, Srivastava V, Snyder GJ, Schryvers D et al. 3D microstructures of Sb2Te3 precipitates in PbTe matrix with prediction by a weak compatibility condition. In 1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012. 2012. p. 125-130. (1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012).
Chen, Xian ; Cao, Shanshan ; Ikeda, Teruyuki ; Srivastava, Vijay ; Snyder, G. Jeffrey ; Schryvers, Dominique ; James, Richard D. / 3D microstructures of Sb2Te3 precipitates in PbTe matrix with prediction by a weak compatibility condition. 1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012. 2012. pp. 125-130 (1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, 3DMS 2012).
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