3D late gadolinium enhancement in a single prolonged breath-hold using supplemental oxygenation and hyperventilation

Sébastien Roujol, Tamer A. Basha, Mehmet Akçakaya, Murilo Foppa, Raymond H. Chan, Kraig V. Kissinger, Beth Goddu, Sophie Berg, Warren J. Manning, Reza Nezafat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Purpose To evaluate the feasibility of three-dimensional (3D) single breath-hold late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) of the left ventricle (LV) using supplemental oxygen and hyperventilation and compressed-sensing acceleration. Methods Breath-hold metrics [breath-hold duration, diaphragmatic/LV position drift, and maximum variation of R wave to R wave (RR) interval] without and with supplemental oxygen and hyperventilation were assessed in healthy adult subjects using a real-time single shot acquisition. Ten healthy subjects and 13 patients then underwent assessment of the proposed 3D breath-hold LGE acquisition (field of view = 320 × 320 × 100 mm3, resolution = 1.6 × 1.6 × 5.0 mm3, acceleration rate of 4) and a free-breathing acquisition with right hemidiaphragm navigator (NAV) respiratory gating. Semiquantitative grading of overall image quality, motion artifact, myocardial nulling, and diagnostic value was performed by consensus of two blinded observers. Results Supplemental oxygenation and hyperventilation increased the breath-hold duration (35 ± 11 s to 58 ± 21 s; P < 0.0125) without significant impact on diaphragmatic/LV position drift or maximum variation of RR interval (both P > 0.01). LGE images were of similar quality when compared with free-breathing acquisitions, but with reduced total scan time (85 ± 22 s to 35 ± 6 s; P < 0.001). Conclusions Supplemental oxygenation and hyperventilation allow for prolonged breath-holding and enable single breath-hold 3D accelerated LGE with similar image quality as free breathing with NAV. Magn Reson Med 72:850-857, 2014.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)850-857
Number of pages8
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2014


  • 3D acquisition
  • acceleration techniques
  • breath-hold
  • compressed sensing
  • hyperventilation
  • late gadolinium enhancement
  • left ventricle
  • myocardial viability


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