One of the features of X-rays is the penetration power into matter, revealing the invisible interior of complex objects. Moreover, X-rays are a critical tool to investigate material structures and properties because of the electromagnetic radiation that is able to interact with matter having an electromagnetic nature. In particular, X-ray reflectivity (XR) and grazing incidence X-ray scattering (GIXS) are powerful, nondestructive techniques for examining the structure and properties of materials including various kinds of polymers and their nanostructures and nanosize specimens. These techniques have become more powerful for understanding nanostructures and objects in nanosize by using synchrotron radiation sources. Their fundamental theories and applications in polymer science are given and discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Polymer Science|
|Subtitle of host publication||a Comprehensive Reference: Volume 1-10|
|Number of pages||31|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2012|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea (Center for Electro-Photo Behaviors in Advanced Molecular Systems) and the Ministry of Education, Science & Technology (MEST) (BK21 Program and World Class University Program).
© 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Block copolymer
- Brush polymer
- Dielectric polymer
- Functional polymer
- Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction
- Grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering
- Langmuir–Blodgett film
- Nanoscale thin film
- Phase transition
- Porous material
- Synchrotron radiation source
- X-ray reflectivity