20-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-20(S)-protopanaxadiol suppresses UV-induced MMP-1 expression through AMPK-mediated mTOR inhibition as a downstream of the PKA-LKB1 pathway

Dong Joo Shin, Jong Eun Kim, Tae Gyu Lim, Eun Hee Jeong, Gaeun Park, Nam Joo Kang, Jun Seong Park, Myeong Hun Yeom, Deok Kun Oh, Ann M. Bode, Zigang Dong, Hyong Joo Lee, Ki Won Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Various health effects have been attributed to the ginsenoside metabolite 20-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-20(S)-protopanaxadiol (GPD); however, its effect on ultraviolet (UV)-induced matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 expression and the mechanism underlying this effect are unknown. We examined the inhibitory effect of GPD on UV-induced MMP-1 expression and its mechanisms in human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs). GPD attenuated UV-induced MMP-1 expression in HDFs and suppressed the UV-induced phosphorylation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and p70S6K without inhibiting the activity of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and Akt, which are well-known upstream kinases of mTOR. GPD augmented the phosphorylation of liver kinase B1 (LKB1) and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which are inhibitors of mTOR, to a greater extent than UV treatment alone. Similar to GPD, 5-aminoimidazole-4- carboxamide-1-β-d-ribofuranosyl 5′-monophosphate (AICAR), an activator of AMPK, augmented UV-induced AMPK phosphorylation to a greater extent than UV treatment alone, resulting in the inhibition of MMP-1 expression. AICAR also decreased the phosphorylation of mTOR and p70S6K. However, compound C, an antagonist of AMPK, increased MMP-1 expression. In HDF cells with AMPK knock-down using shRNA, MMP-1 expression was increased. These results indicate that AMPK activation plays a key role in MMP-1 suppression. Additionally, the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) inhibitor, H-89, antagonized GPD-mediated MMP-1 suppression via the inhibition of LKB1. Our results suggest that the suppressive activity of GPD on UV-induced MMP-1 expression is due to the activation of AMPK as a downstream of the PKA-LKB1 pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1702-1711
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume115
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2014

Keywords

  • 20-O-β-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-20(S)-PROTOPANAXADIOL
  • AMPK
  • GINSENOSIDES
  • MMP-1
  • SKIN AGING
  • UV
  • mTOR

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