1H NMR studies of porcine uteroferrin. Magnetic interactions and active site structure.

R. B. Lauffer, B. C. Antanaitis, P. Aisen, L. Que

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Abstract

Pink (reduced) uteroferrin exhibits well resolved paramagnetic NMR spectra with resonances ranging from 90 ppm downfield to 70 ppm upfield. The intensities of these signals depend on the degree of reduction and correlate well with the intensity of the EPR signals with gave = 1.74. Analyses of chemical shifts and the temperature dependence of the paramagnetically shifted resonances indicate that the Fe(III)-Fe(II) cluster in the reduced protein exhibits weak antiferromagnetic exchange coupling (-J approximately equal to 10 cm-1), in agreement with the estimate derived from the temperature dependence of the EPR signal intensity. Purple (oxidized) uteroferrin, on the other hand, exhibits no discernible paramagnetically shifted resonances, reflecting either strong antiferromagnetic coupling or an unfavorable electron spin-lattice relaxation time. Evans susceptibility comparisons between pink and purple uteroferrin show that the Fe(III)-Fe(III) cluster in the oxidized protein is more strongly coupled (-J greater than 40 cm-1). This value concurs with low temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements on both the porcine and splenic purple acid phosphatases. The isotropically shifted protons of tyrosine coordinated to the cluster are assigned by comparison with synthetic complexes. Tyrosine, earlier implicated as a ligand by resonance Raman spectroscopy, appears to coordinate only to the ferric site in pink uteroferrin. This is consistent with the relatively invariant extinction coefficients of uteroferrin in its oxidized and reduced forms and the ease of reduction of the nonchromophoric iron compared to its chromophoric partner. Other possible ligands to the cluster include histidine, suggested by the presence of downfield-shifted solvent-exchangeable resonances with appropriate isotropic shifts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14212-14218
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume258
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 10 1983

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