The aim of this study was to examine the rapid non-genomic effect of 17β-estradiol (E2) on Ca2+ transport in mitochondria isolated from the nerve terminals (synaptosomes) of caudate nuclei (NC) and brain stems (BS) of ovariectomised female rats. In physiological conditions no effect of E2 on Ca2+ influx into synaptosomal mitochondria through ruthenium red (RR)-sensitive uniporter was observed. However, in the presence of uncoupling agent carbonyl cyanide4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenylhydrazone (FCCP) (1μmol/l), pre-treatment with 0.5nmol/l E2 protected mitochondrial membrane potential and consequently increased Ca2+ influx (2.3-fold in NC and 3.1-fold in BS). At the same time, 0.5nmol/l E2 by increasing the affinity of mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+ exchanger for Na+ inhibited mitochondrial Ca2+ efflux in NC and BS by about 40%. Also, the specific binding of physiological E2 concentrations (0.1-10nmol/l) to isolated synaptosomal mitochondria was detected. Using membrane impermeable E2 bound to bovine serum albumin and selective inhibitor of mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, we obtained that E2's action on mitochondrial Ca2+ efflux at least partially is due to the direct effects on the mitochondrial membrane and/or Na+/Ca2+ exchanger located in inner mitochondrial membrane. Our results implicate E2 as a modulator of Ca2+ concentration in mitochondrial matrix, and ultimately in the cytosol. Given the vital role of Ca2+ in regulation of total nerve cells activity, especially energy metabolism, neurotransmission and directing the cells toward survival or cell death, the effects on mitochondrial Ca2+ transport could be one of the important modes of E2 neuromodulatory action independent of the genome.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Sep 18 2012|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work has been funded by the Serbian Ministry of Education and Sciences , project Grant No. 173044 .
- Brain stem
- Ca transport
- Caudate nucleus
- Rat brain
- Synaptosomal mitochondria