11. Dissociating the contributions of DLPFC and anterior cingulate to executive control: An event-related fMRI study

C. S. Carter, A. M I Macdonald, V. A. Stenger, J. D. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


Both DLPFC and the anterior cingulate (ACC) show increased activation during executive control; however, the specific contributions of each area remains controversial. Two classes of processes underlie control. Strategic processes provide top-down support for task operations; evaluative processes monitor ongoing performance. Using event-related fMRI and a task-switching Stroop paradigm we examined whether the strategic/evaluative distinction could be used to dissociate DLPFC and ACC. LDLPFC showed cue-related activity which was greater for color naming than word reading, with greater activation correlating with smaller Stroop effects (r = -.63). ACC showed only response-related activity which was greater for incongruent color-naming trials and correlated positively with the RT Stroop effect (r = .41). These data suggest DLPFC contributes a strategic function and ACC an evaluative one to executive control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-69
Number of pages4
JournalBrain and Cognition
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001


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