1000-year quasi-periodicity of weak monsoon events in temperate northeast Asia since the mid-holocene

Kyoung Nam Jo, Sangheon Yi, Jin Yong Lee, Kyung Sik Woo, Hai Cheng, Lawrence R. Edwards, Sang Tae Kim

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23 Scopus citations


The Holocene variability in the East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) based on speleothem δ18O records has inconsistencies in timing, duration, and expression of millennial-scale events among nearby regions, and even within the same cave. Here, we present another stalagmite δ18O record with multi-decadal time resolution from the temperate Korean Peninsula (KP) for the last 5500 years in order to compare with Holocene millennial-scale EASM events from Southeast Asia. Based on our new stalagmite δ18O record, millennial-scale events since the mid-Holocene were successfully identified in the KP, representing a noticeable cyclic pattern with a periodicity of around 1000 years. We propose that the Holocene millennial-scale events are common hydroclimatic phenomena at least in the East Asian monsoon system. Meanwhile, the shorter periodicity of millennial-scale events than that of the North Atlantic region is likely to decouple the EASM system from the North Atlantic climate system. This observation suggests that weak EASM and North Atlantic Bond events may have been induced independently by direct solar activity (and then possible feedback) and ocean-ice sheet dynamics, respectively, rather than simple propagation from the North Atlantic to the EASM regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number15196
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (No. NRF-2015RIA4A1041105) and (No. NRF-2016R1C1B2016525). In addition, this work was partially supported by the Basic Research Project (GP2017-013) of Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM) and by 2015 Research Grant from Kangwon National University (KNU).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Author(s).


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