10 plus-years follow-up after patch angioplasty of the left main coronary artery

J. Ernesto Molina

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In ostial or proximal left main coronary artery (LMCA) obstruction, re-establishment of normal antegrade flow via the main trunk may be preferable to distal bypass grafting. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of patch plasty of the left main (LM) trunk of the coronary artery for more than 10 years. Direct widening of the LMCA was recommended to patients with ostial, proximal, or midpoint stenosis of the main trunk. Group I of 16 patients had isolated LM obstruction with no distal disease, and Group II of 15 patients had, in addition, right coronary obstruction. The mean age was 60.9 years (age group, 47 to 83 years). Nineteen patients underwent this operation through an anterior transverse aortotomy. No endarterectomies were performed. In Group II, in addition, a single saphenous vein bypass graft was placed in the right coronary artery. There were no operative deaths. Follow-up period extends from 10 to 18 years (mean 11.2). Eight patients had angiography from 3 to 9 years after surgery and all show adequate LM trunk caliber. Noncardiac deaths occured in five patients (26.3%) at 2 months, and 1, 4, 6, and 7 years after surgery. Two women with isolated ostial stenosis diagnosed as a spasm have not shown progression of coronary disease 7 to 9 years after the operation. Widening of the LMCA should be considered in selective cases, only when ostial, proximal, or midportion stenosis of the main vessel exist, even if a right coronary bypass graft is required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-147
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Angiology
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

Keywords

  • Angioplasty
  • cardiac catheterization
  • coronary artery
  • coronary intervention
  • left main coronary artery disease
  • saphenous vein
  • vessel repair

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