グローバリズムによるアイデンティティの画一化と喪失 [Standardization and Loss of Identity Through Globalism]

Richiko Ikeda, Eric Mark Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

At the turn of the Millenium, for the first time in human history, interconnectivity is creating the possibility of a single world culture, a single world order. We argue that this is not leading to a blissful "global village, " but instead to a global city or urban culture, which is fundamentally different, characterized by being anonymous, competitive, alienating, unequal. In the Winter of 1999, at a meeting of the World Trade Organization (WTO), a small but defiant collection of groups came together in Seattle, USA, to speak with a single voice in opposition to this new world order; this new vision of cosmotopia. While the reduction of the globe to one giant urban market is in the interest of transnational corporations, the protestors in Seattle were attempting to give a voice to interests that have no voice. These voiceless and disembodied interests include children and prisoners
forced into labor. They include the natural environment, consumers, and pro-labor groups. They include groups trying to stem the tide of evermore draconian tactics used in the interest of global wage arbitrage, which pits worker against worker around the globe in a downward spiral in salaries, working conditions, and benefits.
Human rights were widely violated by a massive police action. The nationally owned corporate media in the U.S. focused its coverage on the limited vandalism and practically ignored the reasons why protestors from around the world had converged on the WTO meeting. It painted all the protestors with a broad brush making them all seem insane criminals while ignoring their agenda. This prejudice in the manufacture of news as a cultural and commercial product proves the prediction of many scholars that mergers and acquisitions in the global media industry over the past two decades would result in a strong pro-commercial corporation bias. Increasingly the mass media globally is owned by only a handful of massive conglomerates that also wholly or partially own subsidiaries in other industries like shipping, global finance, global construction, global agribusiness, global arms manufacturing and sales, and so forth. This is a major force in global
urbanization, Thus, commercial media have become wholly owned and operated subsidiaries of massive conglomerates with interests that run counter to local control and self determination. Mass media are being used as instruments to promote the agenda of globalism. This marks the continued expansion of what Patrick Geddes and Lewis Mumford call the neotechnic complex globally, This is manifested as a form of what Kramer calls telecolonialism, promoting a standardized global culture that is resulting in the largest mass extinction of flora and fauna since the Age of the Dinosaurs and the largest mass extinction of cultural and linguistic diversity and identity ever in the history of humanity.
Original languageOther
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Intercultural Communication
Volume4
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001

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