The opiate activities of some derivatives and enzymatic digests of camel and human β-endorphin were determined in the guinea pig ileum and rat brain opiate receptor binding assays. Derivatives of β-endorphins altered within the amino-terminal five residues showed pronounced losses in activity. Anisylation of the C-terminal glutamic acid residue of βh-endorphin produced only small reductions in activity. Chymotryptic digestion greatly weakened the opiate activities of βh-endorphin, whereas carboxypeptidase A, tryptic and leucine aminopeptidase digests showed only small losses in potency. The C-terminus of β-endorphin appears to contribute little directly to opiate activity. Amino acid analysis and assay of the leucine aminopeptidase digests suggest that the larger potency of β-endorphin relative to Met-enkephalin may be a consequence of its greater resistance to exopeptidase attack.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Jan 24 1977|