β-Diversity, Community Assembly, and Ecosystem Functioning

Akira S. Mori, Forest Isbell, Rupert Seidl

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Evidence is increasing for positive effects of α-diversity on ecosystem functioning. We highlight here the crucial role of β-diversity – a hitherto underexplored facet of biodiversity – for a better process-level understanding of biodiversity change and its consequences for ecosystems. A focus on β-diversity has the potential to improve predictions of natural and anthropogenic influences on diversity and ecosystem functioning. However, linking the causes and consequences of biodiversity change is complex because species assemblages in nature are shaped by many factors simultaneously, including disturbance, environmental heterogeneity, deterministic niche factors, and stochasticity. Because variability and change are ubiquitous in ecosystems, acknowledging these inherent properties of nature is an essential step for further advancing scientific knowledge of biodiversity–ecosystem functioning in theory and practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-564
Number of pages16
JournalTrends in Ecology and Evolution
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

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ecosystems
ecosystem
biodiversity
environmental disturbance
species complex
stochasticity
anthropogenic activities
niche
niches
prediction
effect

Keywords

  • biodiversity–ecosystem functioning
  • biotic homogenization
  • community assembly
  • deterministic processes
  • landscape configuration
  • spatial scaling
  • stochastic processes
  • β-diversity

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

Cite this

β-Diversity, Community Assembly, and Ecosystem Functioning. / Mori, Akira S.; Isbell, Forest; Seidl, Rupert.

In: Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 33, No. 7, 01.07.2018, p. 549-564.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Mori, Akira S. ; Isbell, Forest ; Seidl, Rupert. / β-Diversity, Community Assembly, and Ecosystem Functioning. In: Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 2018 ; Vol. 33, No. 7. pp. 549-564.
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