Research output per year

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Personal profile

Research interests

I teach a class called "Soccer: Around the World with the Beautiful Game." In this class, we chart the sport’s unlikely rise to global prominence. How did a “kicking game” played in a few English public schools in the mid-nineteenth century go on to become the most popular organized pastime the world has ever known? Part of the answer is easy: kicking a ball around a field with friends is a lot of fun. But there has to be more to it than that – the passion football arouses, the delirious joy and the sickening violence it inspires, the allegiances and communities it builds and breaks, the fortunes it makes and unmakes – why have people all around the world come to care so much about this game? And what, in turn, does this obsessive concern tell us about how the relationship between sports and society, games and culture, has developed in the modern world?

Research interests

  • soccer
  • world cup

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Research Output


Lower, M. & Shachar, U. Z., Sep 2 2018, In : Al-Masaq. 30, 3, p. 241-247 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

Open Access
1 Scopus citations

The tunis crusade of 1270: A mediterranean history

Lower, M., Jan 1 2018, Oxford University Press. 216 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook

  • 3 Scopus citations
  • Christian mercenaries in Muslim lands: Their status in medieval Islamic and canon law

    Lower, M., Jan 1 2016, The Crusader World. Taylor and Francis, p. 419-433 15 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    2 Scopus citations

    The papacy and Christian mercenaries of thirteenth-century North Africa

    Lower, M., Jul 2014, In : Speculum. 89, 3, p. 601-631 31 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  • 3 Scopus citations

    Fellowships, Honors, and Prizes

    Institute for Advanced Study Faculty Fellows, Spring 2016

    Shirazi, Roozbeh (Recipient), Bellemare, Marc (Recipient), Gomez Menjivar, Jennifer C (Recipient), Annie Hill (Recipient), Lower, Michael (Recipient) & Salmon, William N (Recipient), Jan 1 2016

    Prize: Fellowship awarded competitively

    Institute for Advanced Study Faculty Fellows, Spring 2016

    Bellemare, Marc (Recipient), Gomez Menjivar, Jennifer C (Recipient), Annie Hill (Recipient), Lower, Michael (Recipient), Salmon, William N (Recipient) & Shirazi, Roozbeh (Recipient), Jan 2015

    Prize: Fellowship awarded competitively