Lee E Frelich

Director, Center for Forest Ecology

1985 …2019
If you made any changes in Pure, your changes will be visible here soon.

Research Output 1985 2019

2019

Monitoring disturbance intervals in forests: a case study of increasing forest disturbance in Minnesota

Wilson, D. C., Morin, R. S., Frelich, L. E. & Ek, A. R., Sep 1 2019, In : Annals of Forest Science. 76, 3, 78.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

forest inventory
case studies
disturbance
monitoring
forest economics
1 Citation (Scopus)

Side-swiped: ecological cascades emanating from earthworm invasions

Frelich, L. E., Blossey, B., Cameron, E. K., Dávalos, A., Eisenhauer, N., Fahey, T., Ferlian, O., Groffman, P. M., Larson, E., Loss, S. R., Maerz, J. C., Nuzzo, V., Yoo, K. & Reich, P. B., Nov 1 2019, In : Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 17, 9, p. 502-510 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

earthworms
earthworm
plant litter
leaf litter
soil morphology
Open Access
wilderness area
wilderness
sulfides
terrestrial ecosystem
sulfide
2018
72 Citations (Scopus)

How much does climate change threaten European forest tree species distributions?

Dyderski, M. K., Paz, S., Frelich, L. E. & Jagodzinski, A. M., Mar 1 2018, In : Global Change Biology. 24, 3, p. 1150-1163 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Climate change
climate change
Biodiversity
Forestry
Conservation
3 Citations (Scopus)

Imprints of management history on hemiboreal forest ecosystems in the Baltic States

Jõgiste, K., Frelich, L. E., Laarmann, D., Vodde, F., Baders, E., Donis, J., Jansons, A., Kangur, A., Korjus, H., Köster, K., Kusmin, J., Kuuluvainen, T., Marozas, V., Metslaid, M., Metslaid, S., Polyachenko, O., Poska, A., Rebane, S. & Stanturf, J. A., Nov 2018, In : Ecosphere. 9, 11, e02503.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

forest ecosystems
forest ecosystem
history
ordination
deforestation

Interspecific competition limits the realized niche of fraxinus nigra along a waterlogging gradient

Looney, C. E., D’amato, A. W., Fraver, S., Palik, B. J. & Frelich, L. E., Jan 1 2018, In : Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 48, 11, p. 1292-1301 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fraxinus nigra
waterlogging
interspecific competition
flooded conditions
niche
3 Citations (Scopus)

Natural disturbances and forest management: Interacting patterns on the landscape

Frelich, L. E., Jõgiste, K., Stanturf, J. A., Parro, K. & Baders, E., Mar 22 2018, Ecosystem Services from Forest Landscapes: Broadscale Considerations. Springer International Publishing, p. 221-248 28 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Forestry
forest management
disturbance
Forests
17 Citations (Scopus)

Patterns and drivers of recent disturbances across the temperate forest biome

Sommerfeld, A., Senf, C., Buma, B., D’Amato, A. W., Després, T., Díaz-Hormazábal, I., Fraver, S., Frelich, L. E., Gutiérrez, Á. G., Hart, S. J., Harvey, B. J., He, H. S., Hlásny, T., Holz, A., Kitzberger, T., Kulakowski, D., Lindenmayer, D., Mori, A. S., Müller, J., Paritsis, J. & 6 others, Perry, G. L. W., Stephens, S. L., Svoboda, M., Turner, M. G., Veblen, T. T. & Seidl, R., Dec 1 2018, In : Nature communications. 9, 1, 4355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Land use
Ecosystem
Remote sensing
disturbances
Climate
20 Citations (Scopus)

Promoting and maintaining diversity in contemporary hardwood forests: Confronting contemporary drivers of change and the loss of ecological memory

Webster, C. R., Dickinson, Y. L., Burton, J. I., Frelich, L. E., Jenkins, M. A., Kern, C. C., Raymond, P., Saunders, M. R., Walters, M. B. & Willis, J. L., Aug 1 2018, In : Forest Ecology and Management. 421, p. 98-108 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

hardwood forests
understory
debt
managers
herbaceous plants
1 Citation (Scopus)
Deer
forest inventory
Odocoileus virginianus
deer
Equipment and Supplies
2017
32 Citations (Scopus)

Hemiboreal forest: Natural disturbances and the importance of ecosystem legacies to management

Jõgiste, K., Korjus, H., Stanturf, J. A., Frelich, L. E., Baders, E., Donis, J., Jansons, A., Kangur, A., Köster, K., Laarmann, D., Maaten, T., Marozas, V., Metslaid, M., Nigul, K., Polyachenko, O., Randveer, T. & Vodde, F., Feb 2017, In : Ecosphere. 8, 2, e01706.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

disturbance
ecosystems
ecosystem
abandoned land
Latvia
7 Citations (Scopus)
Lakes
temperate forests
temperate forest
boreal forests
boreal forest
40 Citations (Scopus)

The unseen invaders: introduced earthworms as drivers of change in plant communities in North American forests (a meta-analysis)

Craven, D., Thakur, M. P., Cameron, E. K., Frelich, L. E., Beauséjour, R., Blair, R. B., Blossey, B., Burtis, J., Choi, A., Dávalos, A., Fahey, T. J., Fisichelli, N. A., Gibson, K., Handa, I. T., Hopfensperger, K., Loss, S. R., Nuzzo, V., Maerz, J. C., Sackett, T., Scharenbroch, B. C. & 4 others, Smith, S. M., Vellend, M., Umek, L. G. & Eisenhauer, N., Mar 1 2017, In : Global change biology. 23, 3, p. 1065-1074 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

meta-analysis
earthworm
plant community
Ecosystems
Functional groups

Wildland Fire: Understanding and Maintaining an Ecological Baseline

Frelich, L. E., Sep 1 2017, In : Current Forestry Reports. 3, 3, p. 188-201 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

wildfires
biodiversity
ecosystems
wilderness
trajectories
2016
229 Citations (Scopus)

Changing disturbance regimes, ecological memory, and forest resilience

Johnstone, J. F., Allen, C. D., Franklin, J. F., Frelich, L. E., Harvey, B. J., Higuera, P. E., Mack, M. C., Meentemeyer, R. K., Metz, M. R., Perry, G. L. W., Schoennagel, T. & Turner, M. G., Sep 1 2016, In : Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 14, 7, p. 369-378 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

disturbance
debt
ecosystems
ecosystem resilience
forest ecosystems
3 Citations (Scopus)

Forest dynamics

Frelich, L., Jan 1 2016, In : F1000Research. 5, 183.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Tropical Climate
Introduced Species
Chemical analysis
Deer
Rain
2015
1 Citation (Scopus)

Forest succession and gap dynamics

Montgomery, R. A. & Frelich, L. E., Jan 1 2015, Routledge Handbook of Forest Ecology. Taylor and Francis, p. 141-153 13 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

gap dynamics
forest succession
Forests
13 Citations (Scopus)

Impact of wind-induced microsites and disturbance severity on tree regeneration patterns: Results from the first post-storm decade

Vodde, F., Jõgiste, K., Engelhart, J., Frelich, L. E., Moser, W. K., Sims, A. & Metslaid, M., Jul 5 2015, In : Forest Ecology and Management. 348, p. 174-185 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

regeneration
disturbance
mortality
Picea abies
Alnus glutinosa
23 Citations (Scopus)

Invasive earthworms interact with abiotic conditions to influence the invasion of common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

Roth, A. M., Whitfeld, T. J. S., Lodge, A. G., Eisenhauer, N., Frelich, L. E. & Reich, P. B., May 1 2015, In : Oecologia. 178, 1, p. 219-230 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rhamnus cathartica
earthworms
earthworm
leaf litter
plant litter
5 Citations (Scopus)

Northern temperate forests

Frelich, L. E., Montgomery, R. A. & Oleksyn, J., Jan 1 2015, Routledge Handbook of Forest Ecology. Taylor and Francis, p. 30-45 16 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

temperate forests
temperate forest
Forests
5 Citations (Scopus)

Temperature and leaf nitrogen affect performance of plant species at range overlap

Fisichelli, N. A., Stefanski, A., Frelich, L. E., Reich, P. B. & Peters, D. P. C., Oct 1 2015, In : Ecosphere. 6, 10, 186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

nitrogen
leaves
temperature
Abies balsamea
Acer saccharum
2014
15 Citations (Scopus)

Earthworm invasion alters enchytraeid community composition and individual biomass in northern hardwood forests of North America

Schlaghamerský, J., Eisenhauer, N. & Frelich, L. E., Nov 1 2014, In : Applied Soil Ecology. 83, p. 159-169 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oligochaeta
hardwood forests
North America
earthworms
earthworm
14 Citations (Scopus)

Resident plant diversity and introduced earthworms have contrasting effects on the success of invasive plants

Whitfeld, T. J. S., Roth, A. M., Lodge, A. G., Eisenhauer, N., Frelich, L. E. & Reich, P. B., Sep 1 2014, In : Biological Invasions. 16, 10, p. 2181-2193 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

earthworms
earthworm
species diversity
invasibility
plant communities
56 Citations (Scopus)

Temperate tree expansion into adjacent boreal forest patches facilitated by warmer temperatures

Fisichelli, N. A., Frelich, L. E. & Reich, P. B., Feb 1 2014, In : Ecography. 37, 2, p. 152-161 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ecotones
boreal forests
boreal forest
ecotone
regeneration
2013
35 Citations (Scopus)

Climate and interrelated tree regeneration drivers in mixed temperate-boreal forests

Fisichelli, N. A., Frelich, L. E. & Reich, P. B., Jan 1 2013, In : Landscape Ecology. 28, 1, p. 149-159 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

temperate forest
boreal forest
understory
regeneration
driver
19 Citations (Scopus)
environmental gradient
biome
prairies
prairie
vegetation
16 Citations (Scopus)

Earthworm invasions in northern hardwood forests: A rapid assessment method

Loss, S. R., Hueffmeier, R. M., Hale, C. M., Host, G. E., Sjerven, G. & Frelich, L. E., Jan 1 2013, In : Natural Areas Journal. 33, 1, p. 21-30 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

assessment method
earthworm
forest floor
midden
forest ecosystem
40 Citations (Scopus)

Linking direct and indirect pathways mediating earthworms, deer, and understory composition in Great Lakes forests

Fisichelli, N. A., Frelich, L. E., Reich, P. B. & Eisenhauer, N., Jan 1 2013, In : Biological Invasions. 15, 5, p. 1057-1066 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Great Lakes
earthworms
earthworm
deer
understory
2012
2 Citations (Scopus)

First records of parergodrilus heideri (Annelida:Polychaeta) from North America

Schlaghamerský, J. & Frelich, L. E., Sep 26 2012, In : Zootaxa. 3498, p. 81-86 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Annelida
Polychaeta
North America
43 Citations (Scopus)

Interactive effects of global warming and 'global worming' on the initial establishment of native and exotic herbaceous plant species

Eisenhauer, N., Fisichelli, N. A., Frelich, L. E. & Reich, P. B., Jul 1 2012, In : Oikos. 121, 7, p. 1121-1133 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

herbaceous plants
earthworms
earthworm
global warming
herb
31 Citations (Scopus)

Leaf Litter Disappearance in Earthworm-Invaded Northern Hardwood Forests: Role of Tree Species and the Chemistry and Diversity of Litter

Holdsworth, A. R., Frelich, L. E. & Reich, P. B., Sep 1 2012, In : Ecosystems. 15, 6, p. 913-926 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hardwoods
hardwood forests
leaf litter
earthworms
earthworm
42 Citations (Scopus)

Sapling growth responses to warmer temperatures 'cooled' by browse pressure

Fisichelli, N., Frelich, L. E. & Reich, P. B., Nov 1 2012, In : Global change biology. 18, 11, p. 3455-3463 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

sapling
growth response
temperature
light availability
Temperature
38 Citations (Scopus)

Trophic cascades, invasive species and body-size hierarchies interactively modulate climate change responses of ecotonal temperate-boreal forest

Frelich, L. E., Peterson, R. O., Dovĉiak, M., Reich, P. B., Vucetich, J. A. & Eisenhauer, N., Jan 1 2012, In : Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 367, 1605, p. 2955-2961 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Introduced Species
Climate Change
Body Size
temperate forests
boreal forests
69 Citations (Scopus)

Understorey diversity in southern boreal forests is regulated by productivity and its indirect impacts on resource availability and heterogeneity

Reich, P. B., Frelich, L. E., Voldseth, R. A., Bakken, P. & Adair, E. C., Mar 1 2012, In : Journal of Ecology. 100, 2, p. 539-545 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

resource availability
boreal forests
boreal forest
understory
productivity
2011
51 Citations (Scopus)

Experimental warming induces degradation of a Tibetan alpine meadow through trophic interactions

Li, G., Liu, Y., Frelich, L. E. & Sun, S., Jun 1 2011, In : Journal of Applied Ecology. 48, 3, p. 659-667 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

trophic interaction
meadow
warming
aboveground biomass
rodent
19 Citations (Scopus)
fire severity
overstory
wildfires
boreal forests
wildfire
58 Citations (Scopus)
phenology
flowering
grasslands
grassland
stem
27 Citations (Scopus)

Poor recruitment is changing the structure and species composition of an old-growth hemlock-hardwood forest

Salk, T. T., Frelich, L. E., Sugita, S., Calcote, R., Ferrari, J. B. & Montgomery, R. A., Jun 1 2011, In : Forest Ecology and Management. 261, 11, p. 1998-2006 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Acer saccharum subsp. saccharum
hardwood forests
Betula alleghaniensis
deer
sugar
34 Citations (Scopus)

The wave towards a new steady state: Effects of earthworm invasion on soil microbial functions

Eisenhauer, N., Schlaghamerský, J., Reich, P. B. & Frelich, L. E., Oct 1 2011, In : Biological Invasions. 13, 10, p. 2191-2196 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

earthworms
earthworm
soil
microbial biomass
breathing
19 Citations (Scopus)

Vegetation controls vary across space and spatial scale in a historic grassland-forest biome boundary

Danz, N. P., Reich, P. B., Frelich, L. E. & Niemi, G. J., Jun 1 2011, In : Ecography. 34, 3, p. 402-414 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

biome
grasslands
grassland
vegetation
ecosystems
2010
20 Citations (Scopus)
Satellite imagery
boreal forests
satellite imagery
boreal forest
wilderness
108 Citations (Scopus)

European buckthorn and Asian soybean aphid as components of an extensive invasional meltdown in North America

Heimpel, G. E., Frelich, L. E., Landis, D. A., Hopper, K. R., Hoelmer, K. A., Sezen, Z., Asplen, M. K. & Wu, K., Aug 24 2010, In : Biological Invasions. 12, 9, p. 2913-2931 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aphis glycines
aphid
soybean
Rhamnus cathartica
Lumbricus terrestris
32 Citations (Scopus)

Tree rings detect earthworm invasions and their effects in northern hardwood forests

Larson, E. R., Kipfmueller, K., Hale, C. M., Frelich, L. E. & Reich, P. B., Jan 1 2010, In : Biological Invasions. 12, 5, p. 1053-1066 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

hardwood forests
growth rings
tree ring
earthworms
earthworm
105 Citations (Scopus)
prairies
prairie
global warming
environmental change
insect diseases
2009
27 Citations (Scopus)

Patterns of plant community structure within and among primary and second-growth northern hardwood forest stands

Burton, J. I., Zenner, E. K., Frelich, L. E. & Cornett, M. W., Nov 10 2009, In : Forest Ecology and Management. 258, 11, p. 2556-2568 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

hardwood forests
forest stands
plant community
plant communities
community structure
69 Citations (Scopus)

Regional climate change adaptation strategies for biodiversity conservation in a midcontinental region of North America

Galatowitsch, S. M., Frelich, L. E. & Phillips-Mao, L., Oct 1 2009, In : Biological Conservation. 142, 10, p. 2012-2022 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

facilitation
regional climate
planning
climate change
biodiversity
24 Citations (Scopus)
wilderness area
invasive species
global warming
native species
deer
2008
62 Citations (Scopus)

Exotic earthworm effects on hardwood forest floor, nutrient availability and native plants: A mesocosm study

Hale, C. M., Frelich, L. E., Reich, P. B. & Pastor, J. J., Mar 1 2008, In : Oecologia. 155, 3, p. 509-518 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

mesocosm
hardwood forests
forest floor
nutrient availability
forest litter
7 Citations (Scopus)

Frost crack incidence in northern hardwood forests of the southern boreal-north temperate transition zone

Burton, J. I., Zenner, E. K. & Frelich, L. E., Sep 1 2008, In : Northern Journal of Applied Forestry. 25, 3, p. 133-138 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hardwoods
hardwood forests
frost
angle of incidence
transition zone
35 Citations (Scopus)

Litter decomposition in earthworm-invaded northern hardwood forests: Role of invasion degree and litter chemistry

Holdsworth, A. R., Frelich, L. E. & Reich, P. B., Dec 1 2008, In : Ecoscience. 15, 4, p. 536-544 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

hardwood forests
earthworms
earthworm
chemistry
litter