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Personal profile

Research interests

My primary program of research concerns the application of social psychological theory to illness prevention and health promotion and is comprised of a synthesis of basic research on how people process and respond to health information with the development and evaluation of theory-based interventions to promote healthy behavior. In this work, my colleagues and I have addressed a broad range of issues including how people evaluate and process risk-relevant information, why and when different health communication strategies are most effective, specifying the decision processes that underlie the initiation and maintenance of behavior change, and delineating the mechanisms that underlie behavioral interventions. Our theoretical models have informed the design, implementation, and testing of interventions across a range of behavioral domains including smoking, diet, physical activity, and cancer screening. We have also begun to explore the implications of our models for predicting and promoting environmentally-friendly behaviors. I have served as Associate Editor of Health Psychology Review and as a co-editor of a special issue of Annals of Behavioral Medicine on decision-making and eating behavior, a special issue of AIDS & Behavior on integrating theoretical models of behavior changes across levels of analysis, a special issue of Self & Identify on self- and identity-regulation and health, and a forthcoming special issue of Health Psychology on theoretical innovations in social and personality psychology and their implications for health. I have also helped lead the NCI/NIH-sponsored Advanced Training Institute on Health Behavior Theory since its inception in 2004 (http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/workshop/) and serve as co-chair of the NCI Cognitive, Affective, and Social Processes in Health Research Group (http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/brp/casphr/index.html).

Keywords

  • message framing
  • health communication
  • health judgment and decision making
  • initiation and maintenance of behavior change
  • health behavior theory
  • mediation and moderation
  • interventions to promote healthy behavior

Fingerprint The Fingerprint is created by mining the titles and abstracts of the person's research outputs and projects/funding awards to create an index of weighted terms from discipline-specific thesauri.

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Projects 2007 2022

Research Output 1991 2018

4 Citations

Accumulating Data to Optimally Predict Obesity Treatment (ADOPT) Core Measures: Psychosocial Domain

Sutin, A. R., Boutelle, K., Czajkowski, S. M., Epel, E. S., Green, P. A., Hunter, C. M., Rice, E. L., Williams, D. M., Young-Hyman, D. & Rothman, A. J., Apr 1 2018, In : Obesity. 26, p. S45-S54

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Obesity
Weight Loss
Maintenance
Weights and Measures
Cognition

Affective response during physical activity: Within-subject differences across phases of behavior change

Dunton, G. F., Leventhal, A. M., Rothman, A. J. & Intille, S. S., Oct 1 2018, In : Health Psychology. 37, 10, p. 915-923 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Maintenance
Linear Models
Causality
Self Report
Longitudinal Studies

Comparing Types of Financial Incentives to Promote Walking: An Experimental Test

Burns, R. J. & Rothman, A. J., Jul 1 2018, In : Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. 10, 2, p. 193-214 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walking
Motivation
Reinforcement Schedule
Contracts
Reward
4 Citations

Lung Cancer Screening and Smoking Cessation Clinical Trials SCALE (Smoking Cessation within the Context of Lung Cancer Screening) Collaboration

Joseph, A. M., Rothman, A. J., Almirall, D., Begnaud, A., Chiles, C., Cinciripini, P. M., Fu, S. S., Graham, A. L., Lindgren, B. R., Melzer, A. C., Ostroff, J. S., Seaman, E. L., Taylor, K. L., Toll, B. A., Zeliadt, S. B. & Vock, D. M., Jan 15 2018, In : American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine. 197, 2, p. 172-182 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Smoking Cessation
Early Detection of Cancer
Lung Neoplasms
Clinical Trials
Tobacco

Parenting styles moderate how parent and adolescent beliefs shape each other's eating and physical activity: Dyadic evidence from a cross-sectional, U.S. National Survey

Lenne, R. L., Joyal-Desmarais, K., Jones, R. E., Huelsnitz, C. O., Panos, M. E., Auster-Gussman, L. A., Johnson, W. F., Rothman, A. J. & Simpson, J., Jan 1 2018, (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

parenting style
Parenting
eating behavior
parents
Eating