Supporting data for Primary data for Poly(4-ketovalerolactone) from Levulinic acid, Synthesis and Hydrolytic Degradation



These files contain primary data along with associated output from instrumentation supporting all results reported in Xu et. al. Primary data for Poly(4-ketovalerolactone) from Levulinic acid, Synthesis and Hydrolytic Degradation. In Xu et al. we found: We report here the synthesis of poly(4-ketovalerolactone) (PKVL) via ring-opening transesterification polymerization (ROTEP) of the monomer 4-ketovalerolactone (KVL, two steps from levulinic acid). The polymerization of KVL proceeds to high equilibrium monomer conversion (up to 96% in the melt) to give the semicrystalline polyketoester PKVL with low dispersity. PKVL displays glass transition temperatures of 7 °C and two melting temperatures at 132 and 148 °C. This polyester can be chemically recycled through hydrolytic degradation. Under aqueous neutral or acidic conditions, the dominating pathway for polyester hydrolysis is through backbiting from the chain end. Under basic conditions, mid-chain cleavage, accelerated by the ketone carbonyl group in the backbone, promotes the hydrolysis of nearby backbone ester bonds. The final hydrolysis product is 5-hydroxylevulinic acid, the ring opened hydrolysis product of KVL. PKVL was also observed to degrade under the action of a Brønsted acid to a bis-spirocyclic dilactone natural product altaicadispirolactone, which is a dimer of KVL. This constitutes a rare example of a one-step synthesis of a secondary metabolite in which a polymer was the starting material and the sole source of matter. Analogous ROTEP of the isomeric 4-membered lactone 4-acetyl--propiolactone (APL) was also explored, although this chemistry was not as well-behaved as the KVL to PKVL polymerization.

The raw data files are organized within folders by the instrumentation used for characterization or by the chemdraw file. The characterization files are labeled by the number given to each molecule in the main text of the document.

Funding information
Sponsorship: National Science Foundation, CHE-1901635

Referenced by
Xu, Shu; Wang, Yuanxian; Hoye, Thomas R. (2020). Poly(4-ketovalerolactone) from Levulinic Acid: Synthesis and Hydrolytic Degradation. Macromolecules,
Date made availableJun 10 2020
PublisherData Repository for the University of Minnesota

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