Raw data for: Biphasic Control of Cell Expansion by Auxin Coordinates Etiolated Seedling Development

  • Minmin Du (Creator)
  • Firas Bou Daher (Creator)
  • Andrew W Steward (Creator)
  • Molly A Tillmann (Creator)
  • Xiaoyue Zhang (Creator)
  • Jeh Haur Wong (Creator)
  • Hong Ren (Creator)
  • Jerry D Cohen (Creator)
  • Chuanyou Li (Creator)
  • William M Gray (Creator)



Seedling emergence is critical for food security. It requires rapid hypocotyl elongation and apical hook formation, both of which are mediated by regulated cell expansion. How these events are coordinated in etiolated seedlings is unclear. Here, we show that biphasic control of cell expansion by the phytohormone auxin underlies this process. Shortly after germination, high auxin levels restrain elongation. This provides a temporal window for apical hook formation, involving a gravity-induced auxin maximum on the eventual concave side of the hook, triggering PP2C.D1-controlled asymmetrical H+-ATPase activity, resulting in differential cell elongation. Subsequently, auxin concentrations decline acropetally and switch from restraining to promoting elongation, driving hypocotyl elongation. Our findings elucidate how differential auxin concentrations throughout the hypocotyl coordinate etiolated development, leading to successful soil emergence.

Funding information
Sponsorship: National Institutes of Health (GM067203), USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture (2018-67013-027503), K.C. Wong Education Foundation

Referenced by
Du et al. Science Advances 2021
Date made availableJul 27 2021
PublisherData Repository for the University of Minnesota
Date of data productionJan 1 2019 - Jul 26 2021

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