Parole Rules in the United States: Conditions of Parole in Historical Perspective, 1956-2020

  • Benjamin A Wiggins (Creator)
  • Edward E. Rhine (Creator)
  • Kelly L Mitchell (Creator)
  • Bree Crye (Creator)
  • Robin L. Tu (Creator)



Data set of six censuses of standard conditions of parole that have been conducted between 1956 and 2020.

This data set contains qualitatively coded standard conditions of parole for each jurisdiction of the United States of America for roughly every twelve years from 1956 to 2020. There are ten .csv files: five files of parole rules censuses spanning 1956 to 2008, compiled by previous researchers in the past and coded by the authors; a census of parole rules for 2020, compiled and coded by the authors; a category count by census year; a condition count by census year and jurisdiction; a category cross-walking chart for the six censuses; and a raw text coding matrix for the 2020 census. There is also a .txt Readme file.
Date made available2020
PublisherData Repository for the University of Minnesota
Date of data productionJan 1 1956 - Jun 1 2020

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